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Aitken, (Adam) Jack (1921–1998), lexicographer and philologist, was born on 19 June 1921 in Edinburgh, the only son and eldest of the three children of Adam Aitken (1896–1958), miner, and his first wife, Alexandrina Sutherland (1896–1931). He was baptized into the Church of Scotland...

Article

Burchfield, Robert William (1923–2004), lexicographer, was born on 27 January 1923 at 58 Pitt Street, Wanganui, New Zealand, the younger son of Frederick Burchfield (1891–1979), formerly a coalminer and subsequently an electricity company employee, and his wife, Mary Lauder, née Blair (1894–1974). His father was born in the village of ...

Article

R. C. Christie

revised by S. J. Skedd

Christie, Hugh (1710–1774), schoolmaster and grammarian, was born at Garvock, Kincardineshire, the third son of Alexander Christie, great-uncle of the Unitarian author William Christie. After coming top in the annual entrance competition to King's College, Aberdeen, he entered university as first bursar in 1726; he graduated MA in 1730. He was licensed to preach as a probationer of the ...

Article

Crombie, Alexander (1760–1840), philologist and schoolmaster, was born in Aberdeen, the son of Thomas Crombie. He was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he graduated MA in 1778, and he received the degree of LLD from the same source in 1794. Although licensed by the ...

Article

Dawson, Benjamin (1729–1814), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born in Halifax, the sixth of the seven sons of Eli Dawson (d. 1744), Presbyterian minister of Morley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Taylor. He and his brother Thomas Dawson (c. 1725–1782)...

Article

R. M. J. Jones

revised by Dylan Foster Evans

Evans, William (d. 1776?), Presbyterian minister and lexicographer, was probably born in Carmarthenshire, perhaps in Cefngwili, Llanedi. He is believed to have been educated at Carmarthen Academy under Dr Jenkins between 1768 and 1772. His chief claim to notice is based on his work ...

Article

Fenton, Alexander [Sandy] (1929–2012), ethnologist and linguist, was born on 26 June 1929 at 15 Milford Avenue, Shotts, Lanarkshire, the eldest child in the family of three sons and a daughter of Alexander Fenton, crofter and shoemaker, and his wife, Annie Stirling, née...

Image

Peter Giles (1860–1935) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. M. Dawkins

revised by John D. Pickles

Giles, Peter (1860–1935), philologist and college head, was born at Strichen in the district of Buchan, Aberdeenshire, on 20 October 1860, the eldest son of Peter Giles (d. c.1865), a factor, and his wife, Margaret Eddie Brown (d. 1905), who on her mother's side was of highland descent from ...

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Robert Hunter (1823–1897) by G. Haworth by permission of the Geological Society of London

Article

Hunter, Robert (1823–1897), Free Church of Scotland missionary, geologist, and lexicographer, was born at Newburgh, Fife, on 3 September 1823, son of John Mackenzie Hunter (d. 1878), an excise officer and a native of Wigtownshire, and his wife, Agnes Strickland of Ulverston, Lancashire...

Article

Daniel Jones

revised by John D. Haigh

James, Arthur Lloyd (1884–1943), phonetician, was born at Pentre, Glamorgan, on 21 June 1884, the son of William James, mining engineer and colliery manager, and his wife, Rachel, née Clark. He was educated at Llanelli, the Pontypridd pupil teachers' centre, and University College, Cardiff...

Article

T. W. Bayne

revised by John D. Haigh

Jamieson, John (1759–1838), antiquary and philologist, was born in Glasgow on 5 March 1759, the son of the Revd John Jamieson, an Anti-Burgher minister, and his wife, née Cleland. He was educated at a school kept by his father's precentor (to 1765), at the ...

Article

J. C. Hadden

revised by Douglas Brown

Longmuir, John (1803–1883), poet and lexicographer, was born on 13 November 1803 near Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the son of John Longmuir and his wife, Christian Paterson. In 1814 his parents moved to Aberdeen, where he was educated at the grammar school, and at Marischal College...

Article

MacAlpine [McAlpine], Neil (1786–1867), lexicographer, was born in Kilchoman, island of Islay, the son of Dugald McAlpine, a house carpenter, and his wife, Betsy, née McAlpine. After attending university and theological college (probably in Edinburgh) he spent much of his life as a parochial schoolmaster at ...

Article

Macbain, Alexander (1855–1907), philologist, was born at Balguish Farmhouse, Glenfeshie, Badenoch, Inverness-shire, on 22 July 1855, the illegitimate son of John Macbain, farmservant, and Margaret Mackintosh, maidservant. A fluent Gaelic speaker who grew up in poverty as a cowherd, he learned English when at ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by John D. Haigh

Macdonald, William Bell (1807–1862), linguist, was born in Glasgow on 24 December 1807, the eldest son of Donald Macdonald, merchant, and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Bell of Rammerscales, near Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire. He was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he graduated BA in 1827. After studying medicine he served as surgeon in ...

Article

Malcolm [Malcolme], David (d. 1748), philologist, was licensed as a preacher by the presbytery of Haddington on 11 January 1700 and was ordained on 28 March 1705 to the ministry of Duddingston, at the foot of Arthur's Seat, near Edinburgh. Nothing is known of his life before 1700. He married ...

Article

Man, James (1700?–1761), philologist, was born at Whitewreath, Elgin, Moray, the son of John Man, an impoverished small farmer. He was educated at the parish school of Longbride, Elgin, and King's College, Aberdeen, where he graduated MA on 15 April 1721. He was licensed to preach but, being unable to obtain a church, was never ordained as a minister. He became schoolmaster of ...

Image

Robert Moffat (1795–1883) by George Baxter, c. 1842 © National Portrait Gallery, London