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Aitken, (Adam) Jack (1921–1998), lexicographer and philologist, was born on 19 June 1921 in Edinburgh, the only son and eldest of the three children of Adam Aitken (1896–1958), miner, and his first wife, Alexandrina Sutherland (1896–1931). He was baptized into the Church of Scotland...

Article

R. C. Christie

revised by S. J. Skedd

Christie, Hugh (1710–1774), schoolmaster and grammarian, was born at Garvock, Kincardineshire, the third son of Alexander Christie, great-uncle of the Unitarian author William Christie. After coming top in the annual entrance competition to King's College, Aberdeen, he entered university as first bursar in 1726; he graduated MA in 1730. He was licensed to preach as a probationer of the ...

Article

Crombie, Alexander (1760–1840), philologist and schoolmaster, was born in Aberdeen, the son of Thomas Crombie. He was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he graduated MA in 1778, and he received the degree of LLD from the same source in 1794. Although licensed by the ...

Article

Fenton, Alexander [Sandy] (1929–2012), ethnologist and linguist, was born on 26 June 1929 at 15 Milford Avenue, Shotts, Lanarkshire, the eldest child in the family of three sons and a daughter of Alexander Fenton, crofter and shoemaker, and his wife, Annie Stirling, née...

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Peter Giles (1860–1935) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. M. Dawkins

revised by John D. Pickles

Giles, Peter (1860–1935), philologist and college head, was born at Strichen in the district of Buchan, Aberdeenshire, on 20 October 1860, the eldest son of Peter Giles (d. c.1865), a factor, and his wife, Margaret Eddie Brown (d. 1905), who on her mother's side was of highland descent from ...

Article

J. C. Hadden

revised by Douglas Brown

Longmuir, John (1803–1883), poet and lexicographer, was born on 13 November 1803 near Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the son of John Longmuir and his wife, Christian Paterson. In 1814 his parents moved to Aberdeen, where he was educated at the grammar school, and at Marischal College...

Article

MacAlpine [McAlpine], Neil (1786–1867), lexicographer, was born in Kilchoman, island of Islay, the son of Dugald McAlpine, a house carpenter, and his wife, Betsy, née McAlpine. After attending university and theological college (probably in Edinburgh) he spent much of his life as a parochial schoolmaster at ...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by John D. Haigh

Macdonald, William Bell (1807–1862), linguist, was born in Glasgow on 24 December 1807, the eldest son of Donald Macdonald, merchant, and his wife, Mary, daughter of William Bell of Rammerscales, near Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire. He was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he graduated BA in 1827. After studying medicine he served as surgeon in ...

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Malcolm [Malcolme], David (d. 1748), philologist, was licensed as a preacher by the presbytery of Haddington on 11 January 1700 and was ordained on 28 March 1705 to the ministry of Duddingston, at the foot of Arthur's Seat, near Edinburgh. Nothing is known of his life before 1700. He married ...

Article

Man, James (1700?–1761), philologist, was born at Whitewreath, Elgin, Moray, the son of John Man, an impoverished small farmer. He was educated at the parish school of Longbride, Elgin, and King's College, Aberdeen, where he graduated MA on 15 April 1721. He was licensed to preach but, being unable to obtain a church, was never ordained as a minister. He became schoolmaster of ...

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Alexander Murray (1775–1813) by Andrew Geddes, 1812 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

T. W. Bayne

revised by John D. Haigh

Murray, Alexander (1775–1813), linguist, was born on 22 October 1775 at the farm of Dunkitterick, Kirkcudbrightshire, son of Robert Murray (1706–1797), a shepherd, and his second wife, Mary Cochrane (b. 1739). In the autumn of 1781 Robert, somewhat reluctantly, taught his precocious son the alphabet, and later ...

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Shaw, William (1749–1831), Gaelic grammarian and lexicographer, was born on 3 February 1749 at Clachaig on the island of Arran. He received his early education in Ayr and, from about 1768, at the University of Glasgow, where he was awarded the degree of MA, apparently in 1772, though one source gives 1777 as the date of his graduation. While a student he taught at a grammar school in ...

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Simson, Andrew (c. 1526–1591?), grammarian and Church of Scotland minister, studied at King's College, Aberdeen, probably under the humanist John Vaus and certainly under his assistant and successor Theophilus Stewart. By late May 1550 he was master of the grammar school at Perth...

Article

Stormonth, James (1824–1882), Episcopalian minister and lexicographer, was reputedly born in Edinburgh (The Athenaeum, 11 Feb 1882), the son of James Stormonth, fish curer, and his wife, Jane, née Robertson. He had at least one younger brother. He was educated at the ...

Article

Wedderburn, David (bap. 1580, d. 1646), poet and Latin grammarian, was baptized in the parish church of Aberdeen on 2 January 1580, the eldest son of William Wedderburn (1550?–1620), a burgess of the town, and Marjorie Annand. There is some confusion as to where ...