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Armstrong, Lilias Eveline (1882–1937), phonetician, born on 29 September 1882 at 152 Eccles New Road, Pendlebury, near Manchester, was the daughter of James William Armstrong, Free Methodist church minister, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Armstrong, née Hunter. On 24 September 1926, at the ...

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Croft, Sir Herbert, fifth baronet (1751–1816), writer and lexicographer, was born at Dunster Park, Berkshire, on 1 November 1751 and was baptized the following day at St Andrew's Church, Holborn, London, the eldest son of Herbert Croft (1717/18–1785) of Stifford in Essex, the receiver to the ...

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Hollyband, Claudius (1534/5–1597), linguist and writer, was born Claude de Sainliens (or Desainliens) in the Bourbonnais in central France, possibly in the city of Moulins. Nothing is known of his early life before he settled in England in 1564 or 1565 as a Huguenot refugee. A consummate self-publicist, he adapted extremely well to Elizabethan ...

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Samuel Johnson (1709–1784) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1756–7 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Johnson, Samuel (1709–1784), author and lexicographer, was born in Breadmarket Street, Lichfield, on 7 September 1709 (after the change of calendar in 1752 he celebrated his birthday on 18 September), the first child of Michael Johnson (1657–1731) and his wife, Sarah Ford (1669–1759)...

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Miege, Guy (bap. 1644, d. in or after 1718), author and lexicographer, was baptized in Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, on 30 May 1644, a younger son of Sebastian Meyjoz (d. after 1674) or Meige and his wife, Esther Blevet. Admitted as a student to the ...

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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892–1973) by John Wyatt, 1968 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1892–1973), writer and philologist, was born on 3 January 1892 in Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, the elder son of Arthur Reuel Tolkien (1857–1896) and his wife, Mabel (1870–1904), daughter of John Suffield. His father and mother both came from ...

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Ware, James Redding (1832–1909), writer and lexicographer, was born in Southwark, Surrey, on 17 October 1832, the eldest son of James Ware (1801/2–1849), a grocer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Redding (b. c.1805), of 102 Union Street, Southwark. Ware was not listed at home at the time of the 1841 census. According to his father the young man had by 1848 received 'an excellent education' and had been found 'a situation in a mercantile house in the City'. However, the young ...

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See Wigram, Joseph Cotton