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Bridges, Thomas (c. 1842–1898), dictionary compiler, missionary, and sheep farmer, was found abandoned, perhaps on a bridge near Bristol, aged about two and a half, and taken to an orphanage, the name of which remains unknown. He was adopted by the Revd George Pakenham Despard...

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Robert Hunter (1823–1897) by G. Haworth by permission of the Geological Society of London

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Hunter, Robert (1823–1897), Free Church of Scotland missionary, geologist, and lexicographer, was born at Newburgh, Fife, on 3 September 1823, son of John Mackenzie Hunter (d. 1878), an excise officer and a native of Wigtownshire, and his wife, Agnes Strickland of Ulverston, Lancashire...

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Krapf, (Johann) Ludwig (1810–1881), linguist of Swahili and first protestant missionary in east Africa, was born on 11 January 1810 at Derendingen near Tübingen, in the kingdom of Württemberg, the youngest of four children of Johann Jakob Krapf (1773–1846), peasant farmer, and his wife, ...

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Robert Moffat (1795–1883) by George Baxter, c. 1842 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Moffat, Robert (1795–1883), missionary in Africa and linguist, was born on 21 December 1795 in Ormiston, East Lothian, near Haddington, Scotland, the third of seven children of Robert Moffat (1768–1847), and his wife, Ann, née Gardiner (1767–1854). A pioneer of protestant missionary activity among the ...

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Schön, Jacob Friederich [James Frederick] (1803–1889), missionary and philologist, was born at Ober Weiler, Baden. He trained at the Basel missionary seminary and the Church Missionary Society (CMS) College, Islington. Ordained deacon in 1831 and priest in 1832, he went to Sierra Leone...