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Adams, James (1737–1802), Jesuit and philologist, was born on 3 November 1737 to William Adams and Anne or Sarah Spencer; he refers to Bury St Edmunds as his 'native town' (Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae, 1794, 7). He was educated at the Jesuit college in ...

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Bathe, William (1564–1614), Jesuit and linguistic scholar, was born on Easter Sunday, 2 April 1564, the eldest son of John Bathe (or Bath, d. 1586), of Drumcondra on the outskirts of Dublin, and his wife, Eleanor (d. c.1575), daughter of Jenico Preston, ...

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Geoffrey the Grammarian (fl. 1440), lexicographer and Dominican friar, is the identity attached by tradition to the compiler of the Anglo-Latin dictionary known as the Promptorium parvulorum. In a Latin preamble the compiler says of himself only that he is 'fratrem predicatorem reclusum Lenne Episcopi', and that he completed the work in 1440. It has been widely accepted that this means that, like the spiritual adviser who encouraged ...

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Pinnock, Osbern [known as Osburn Pinnuc Claudianus] (fl. c. 1148), Benedictine monk, theologian, and lexicographer, was a monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, under Abbot Hamelin (1148–79) and possibly Gilbert Foliot (1139–48). The name Pinnuc (BL, Royal MS 8 B.xxi) suggests birth near ...

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Roger [called Roger Computista] (fl. after 1350), lexicographer and Benedictine monk, is known only from references in his own biblical dictionary, Expositiones vocabulorum quae sunt in Biblia. No evidence survives to account for the sobriquet Computista under which he is commonly known, though it may refer to mathematical skills. In the ...

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Tonneys, John (d. 1514), prior of the Austin friars, London, and grammarian, was a native of Norfolk and received his early education at the Augustinian friary in Norwich. It was probably here that he entered the order. He is said by Blomefield to have become prior of the ...