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Ames, Joseph (bap. 1687, d. 1759), bibliographer and antiquary, was born of a seafaring family in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, and baptized there on 20 June 1687. He was the son of John Ames (1651–1699?), master in the merchant service, and his wife, Esther (...

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Henry Spencer Ashbee (1834–1900) by H. T. Reed, 1889 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ashbee, Henry Spencer [pseud. Pisanus Fraxi] (1834–1900), book collector and bibliographer, was born on 21 April 1834 at 24 Blackfriars Road, Southwark, London, the only child of Robert Ashbee (1804–1867), manager of the Curtis and Harvey gunpowder mills, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth, ...

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Ducarel, Andrew Coltée (1713–1785), librarian and antiquary, was born on 9 June 1713 in Paris, the eldest of three sons of Jacques Coltée Ducarel (1680–1718), banker, merchant, and sieur de Muids, and his wife, Jeanne Crommelin (1690–1723), daughter of André Crommelin and his wife, ...

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Andrew Coltée Ducarel (1713–1785) by Francis Perry, pubd 1757 (after Andrea Soldi, 1746) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Greenwood, Thomas (1851–1908), promoter of public libraries and publisher, son of William and Nanny Greenwood, was born on 9 May 1851 at Mount Pleasant, Woodley, Cheshire. His father, a yeoman farmer turned millworker and an active Chartist, died when Thomas was just five months. From the age of three he attended ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Marie-Louise Legg

Lascelles, Rowley (1771–1841), antiquary and archivist, was born in Westminster, the eldest son of Rowley Lascelles, a merchant, of Little Ealing, Middlesex, and his wife, Ann Dunn. He was educated from 1785 at Harrow School, and was admitted to the Middle Temple in 1788 and to the ...

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Alexander William Crawford Lindsay, twenty-fifth earl of Crawford and eighth earl of Balcarres (1812–1880) by Camille Silvy, 1863 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Lindsay, Alexander William Crawford, twenty-fifth earl of Crawford and eighth earl of Balcarres (1812–1880), book collector and writer on art, was born at Muncaster Castle, Cumberland, on 16 October 1812. He was the eldest son of James Lindsay, twenty-fourth earl of Crawford and seventh earl of Balcarres...

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Mackerell, Benjamin (bap. 1685, d. 1738), antiquary and librarian, was baptized on 15 April 1685 at St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, the youngest son of Alderman John Mackerell (1643–1723), mercer, and Anne Browne (1646–1711), daughter of Elias Browne. His father's family were of Huguenot stock, and ...

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Paul Henry Maty (1744–1787) after James Tassie, 1778 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by Rebecca Mills

Maty, Paul Henry (1744–1787), librarian, was born in London on 18 December 1744 and baptized on 18 January 1745 at St Anne's, Soho, the son of Matthew Maty (1718–1776), librarian, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1750), daughter of Louis Chevalleau of Sieur de Boisragon...

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Richard Mead (1673–1754) by Allan Ramsay, 1747 Coram Foundation, Foundling Museum, London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mead, Richard (1673–1754), physician and collector of books and art, was born at Worcester House, Stepney, Middlesex, on 11 August 1673, the eleventh child of thirteen of Matthew Meade (1628/9–1699), a nonconforming minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Walton (d. 1707). Matthew Meade...

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Morris, John (d. 1658), antiquary and book collector, was born in London, the son of Peter Morris (d. 1588), a mechanical engineer in the service of Sir Christopher Hatton, and Anne Boteler (d. 1617), great-aunt of Sir Oliver Boteler, who, as a widow, remarried in 1590, becoming the wife of ...

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Polier, Antoine Louis Henri (bap. 1741, d. 1795), military engineer and collector of oriental manuscripts, was baptized on 28 February 1741 at Lausanne, Switzerland, the younger son of Jacques Henri Polier (bap. 1700, d. 1781), of a French protestant family which had settled in ...

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Smith, Joseph (1673/4?–1770), book collector and patron of the arts, was probably born in 1673 or 1674 (at his death in Venice in 1770 he was said to be ninety-six). Nothing is known of his antecedents; he used a coat of arms of the family of ...

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Woide, Charles Godfrey (1725–1790), oriental scholar and librarian, was born in Poland on 4 July 1725. He was educated at the universities of Frankfurt an der Oder and Leiden and became a minister of the Socinian church at Lissa, in Poland, near the border of ...