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Brown, James Duff (1862–1914), librarian and compiler of music reference books, was born on 6 November 1862 at 3 Reid Terrace, Stockbridge, Edinburgh, the second of seven children of James Brown of St Fergus, Aberdeenshire, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Margaret Douglas of ...

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Craig, James Thomson Gibson- (1799–1886), writer to the signet and book collector, was born on 12 March 1799, the second son of Sir James Gibson Craig (1765–1850), clerk of the signet, of Riccarton, Midlothian (who had in 1818 assumed the additional name and arms of ...

Article

Cranston, Andrew (d. 1708), creator of a public library, was born in the late 1650s in Scotland to unknown parents. He was perhaps connected to the lords Cranstoun, for the descendants of his only known brother, James, assumed the same coat of arms. There is a volume in his library inscribed to him from ...

Article

Darling, James (1797–1862), bookseller and bibliographer, was born in Edinburgh. He was apprenticed to the Edinburgh publisher Adam Black in 1809 and became active in the Scottish Presbyterian church. On moving to London in 1818, Darling entered the theological bookselling business of Ogle, Duncan, and Cochran...

Article

Gildas Tibbott

revised by Brynley F. Roberts

Davies, Sir William Llewelyn (1887–1952), librarian, was born at Plas Gwyn schoolhouse, near Pwllheli, on 11 October 1887, the third child and younger son of William Davies and his wife, Jane Evans, both natives of Llanafan, Cardiganshire. His father, formerly the earl of Lisburne's...

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Sir William Llewelyn Davies (1887–1952) by Bassano, 1947 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Dickson, William Kirk (1860–1949), librarian, was born at 20 George Square, Edinburgh, on 24 November 1860, the son of William Dickson, a wholesale stationer of Mauricewood, Glencorse, Edinburgh, and his wife, Anne Kirk. He was educated at Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh, and at the ...

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Edwards, James (1756–1816), book collector and bookseller, was born on 8 September 1756 at Halifax, Yorkshire, the second of the six sons (there were also two daughters) of William Edwards (bap. 1723, d. 1808), bookbinder and bookseller of Halifax, and his wife, Jane Green (...

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Ellys, Sir Richard, third baronet (1682–1742), book collector and biblical scholar, was born on 23 December 1682, the second, but eldest surviving, son of Sir William Ellys, second baronet (c.1654–1727), landowner and MP, of Nocton in Lincolnshire and Isabella Hampden (...

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Fancourt, Samuel (1678–1768), librarian and Presbyterian minister, was born at Oakham, Rutland, one of the four boys and two girls of Richard Fancourt, a prosperous merchant, and Anne Tresham. He was educated at the dissenting academy in Hungerford, Berkshire, under Benjamin Robinson and was ordained minister on 24 May 1709. He had married ...

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Ferguson, John (1838–1916), chemist and bibliographer, was born on 24 January 1838 at Alloa in Clackmannanshire, Scotland, the second of three children of William Ferguson and his wife, Margaret Kidd. His father moved from Alloa at an early date, settling in Glasgow as a merchant. ...

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John Ferguson (1838–1916) by Sarony, 1880s courtesy of Glasgow University

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Sir Samuel Ferguson (1810–1886) by unknown photographer by permission of the Royal Irish Academy © Royal Irish Academy

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Ferguson, Sir Samuel (1810–1886), poet and archivist, was born on 10 March 1810, in High Street, Belfast, the youngest of the six children of John Ferguson (d. 1845) and his wife, Agnes, née Knox (d. 1861), daughter of John Knox, a clockmaker, in whose house the birth took place. His father, whose Scottish forebears had settled in ...

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Fergusson, Sir James, eighth baronet (1904–1973), archivist and scholar, was born on 18 September 1904, the eldest son of Sir Charles Fergusson, seventh baronet (1865–1951), of Kilkerran, Ayrshire, and his wife, Lady Alice Mary Boyle (1877–1958), second daughter of the seventh earl of Glasgow...

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Fletcher, Andrew, of Saltoun (1653?–1716), Scottish patriot, political theorist, and book collector, was most probably born at Saltoun, in Haddingtonshire; a gap in the parish register between 1647 and 1660 leaves the precise date unknown, but 1653 is supported by a family record, and is more probable than 1655. He was the eldest son of ...

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Fraser, Sir William (1816–1898), genealogist and archivist, was born at Links of Arduthie, by Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, on 18 February 1816. Though his father, James (d. 1834), and grandfather William were stonemasons, Fraser's paternal forebears came of farming stock in Strathspey and Stratha'an...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by Alexander Du Toit

Gordon, Duke (1739–1800), librarian, was born on 20 May 1739, the son of William Gordon (c.1700–c.1760), a weaver in the Potterrow, Edinburgh, who named him after the duke of Gordon. He was taught by Andrew Waddel at a private school in the ...

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William Herbert (1718–1795) by William Say, pubd 1809 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Herbert, William (1718–1795), bibliographer and printseller, was born on 29 November 1718, the second of five children of Thomas Herbert (c.1691–1721), a dyer and hosier of Gravel Lane, Southwark, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1748). His parents were Londoners and Presbyterians. What is known of his first thirty years derives from ...