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Agard, Arthur (1535/6–1615), archivist and antiquary, was born at Foston, Derbyshire, the second of the three sons of Clement Agard of Foston and his wife, Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Middlemore of Edgbaston. He matriculated from Queens' College, Cambridge, at Michaelmas 1553, but nothing further is known of his education, and there is no doubt that the greater part of his learning came by his study of the records of which he had charge. His knowledge of the common law may have been acquired first in one of the inns of court. ...

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Thomas Astle (1735–1803) by William Skelton, pubd 1803 (after Henry Howard) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Astle, Thomas (1735–1803), archivist and collector of books and manuscripts, was born on 22 December 1735 at Yoxall, on the edge of Needwood Forest, Staffordshire, the eldest son of Daniel Astle (d. 1775), keeper of the forest, who was of a family long established at ...

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Blakiston, Hugh Noel (1905–1984), archivist and author, was born on 8 December 1905 at Baumber vicarage, Lincolnshire, the second child of the vicar, the Revd Felix Milburn Blakiston (1874–1941), and his wife, Mary Augusta Fox (1880–1962), who were married on 23 April 1903 at ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Joanne Potier

Bond, John James (1819–1883), archivist, was born on 9 December 1819, the son of William Andrew Bond of Ashford, Kent. In 1841 he entered the public service as a clerk, assisting Henry Cole, his brother-in-law, in the arrangement of the public records when they were transferred from ...

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Edmund Venables

revised by G. H. Martin

Burtt, Joseph (1818–1876), archivist and archaeologist, was born in the parish of St Pancras, London, on 7 November 1818. He was educated by his father, a private tutor, who was a Greek scholar and the author of a Latin grammar. He entered the public service in 1832 under ...

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Charite, William (1422–c. 1502), compiler of monastic records and prior of Leicester, embraced the religious life at the age of eighteen, in 1440 entering the large Augustinian abbey of St Mary de Pratis in Leicester, where he was subsequently to become prior. By 1482, when the abbot and convent ordained an episcopal daily service in his honour, ...

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Cok [Coke], John (c. 1393–c. 1468), Augustinian canon and compiler of the cartulary of St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, came of unknown parentage. Autobiographical interjections in his writings provide most information on his life and work, the main source being the cartulary, in which he states that it was '...

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Crosby, Allan James (1835–1881), record scholar, was the only son of James Crosby, gentleman, of the parish of St Lawrence in the City of London. He was educated at Worcester College, Oxford, and graduated BA in law and history in 1858. He obtained a nomination for the competitive examination for clerkships in the ...

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Charles Johnson

revised by Robert Brown

Crump, Charles George (1862–1935), archivist, was born at Wyke Regis, near Weymouth, Dorset, on 9 April 1862, the eldest son of Charles Ashbrook Wright Crump, barrister, of the Inner Temple, then an instructor on the training ship HMS Britannia, and his wife, Helen Ann Crane...

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Ellis, Roger Henry (1910–1998), archivist, was born on 9 June 1910 at Garsdale, Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, eldest of the four children of Francis Henry Ellis (1882–1953), managing director and chairman of the Sherwood Colliery Company, and his wife, Sybil Mary (1881/1882–1969), daughter of ...

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Emmison, Frederick George [Derick] (1907–1995), archivist, was born at 35 Sandhurst Road, Bedford, on 28 May 1907, son of George Emmison, a telegraph clerk with the London, Midland, and Scottish Railway, and his wife, Kate Ann, née Field (d. 1967). A bright boy, inspired by his father with a love of history, he gained a scholarly reputation at ...

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Sir Samuel Ferguson (1810–1886) by unknown photographer by permission of the Royal Irish Academy © Royal Irish Academy

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Ferguson, Sir Samuel (1810–1886), poet and archivist, was born on 10 March 1810, in High Street, Belfast, the youngest of the six children of John Ferguson (d. 1845) and his wife, Agnes, née Knox (d. 1861), daughter of John Knox, a clockmaker, in whose house the birth took place. His father, whose Scottish forebears had settled in ...

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Fergusson, Sir James, eighth baronet (1904–1973), archivist and scholar, was born on 18 September 1904, the eldest son of Sir Charles Fergusson, seventh baronet (1865–1951), of Kilkerran, Ayrshire, and his wife, Lady Alice Mary Boyle (1877–1958), second daughter of the seventh earl of Glasgow...

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Flower, Sir Cyril Thomas (1879–1961), record scholar, was born on 31 March 1879 at Warminster, Wiltshire, the only child of Thomas Flower, who practised medicine there, as his father had done. Thomas Flower, cousin of Henry Fawcett, the blind politician, married Jessie Susan...

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Fraser, Sir William (1816–1898), genealogist and archivist, was born at Links of Arduthie, by Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, on 18 February 1816. Though his father, James (d. 1834), and grandfather William were stonemasons, Fraser's paternal forebears came of farming stock in Strathspey and Stratha'an...

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Gairdner, James (1828–1912), archivist and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 22 March 1828, the second son of John Gairdner MD (1790–1876) and Susanna, née Tennant (d. 1860). A maternal great-grandfather was William Dalrymple (1723–1814) and Sir William Tennant Gairdner was his brother. ...

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George Graham (1801–1888) by F. Holl, 1880 © Queen's Printer and Controller of HMSO, 2007. UK Government Art Collection

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Graham, George (1801–1888), civil servant, was born at Arthuret, Cumberland, on 13 September 1801, the third son and third of the seven children of Sir James Graham of Netherby, first baronet (1761–1824), and his wife, Lady Catherine Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, seventh earl of Gallway...