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Craster, Sir (Herbert Henry) Edmund (1879–1959), librarian and historian, was born at the family seat, Beadnell Hall, Northumberland, on 5 November 1879, the third son (but only child of the second marriage) of Edmund Craster (1824–1898), formerly of the Bengal civil service. His mother, who died a fortnight after ...

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Gairdner, James (1828–1912), archivist and historian, was born in Edinburgh on 22 March 1828, the second son of John Gairdner MD (1790–1876) and Susanna, née Tennant (d. 1860). A maternal great-grandfather was William Dalrymple (1723–1814) and Sir William Tennant Gairdner was his brother. ...

Article

Hardy, Sir Thomas Duffus (1804–1878), historian and archivist, was born at Port Royal, Jamaica, on 22 May 1804, the third son of Thomas Bartholomew Price Hardy (d. 1813), then a captain-lieutenant of the Royal Artillery, and his second wife, Frances Duffus (...

Article

Hertslet, Lewis (1787–1870), librarian and editor of state papers, was born in November 1787, the eldest son of Jean Louis Pierre Hertslett (formerly Hiertzelet). His father was a Swiss settled in England, who became a king's messenger in May 1797. Lewis Hertslet was appointed sub-librarian in the ...

Article

Hobson, Anthony Robert Alwyn (1921–2014), auctioneer and historian of books and bookbinding, was born on 5 September 1921 at St Oswald’s, Churton Road, Rhyl, Denbighshire, near his maternal grandfather’s parish of Rhuddlan, the only child of Geoffrey Dudley Hobson (1882–1949), historian of bookbinding, and his wife ...

Article

Johnson, Charles (1870–1961), archivist and historian, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 2 May 1870, the only child of Edmund White Johnson, timber merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Hannah, daughter of his senior partner, John Herring. He was educated at Giggleswick School...

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Lyte, Sir Henry Churchill Maxwell (1848–1940), archivist and historian, was born at 1 Hyde Park Place, London, on 29 May 1848, the only son of John Walker Maxwell Lyte (1825–1848), of Berry Head, near Brixham, and his wife, Emily Jeannette, daughter of Colonel John Craigie...

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William Dunn Macray (1826–1916) by Henry Scott Tuke, in or before 1910 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Article

Macray, William Dunn (1826–1916), librarian, historian, and Church of England clergyman, was born on 7 July 1826 in St Pancras, London, the third son of John Macray (1796–1878) and his wife, Ann Downs. He was educated at Magdalen College School, Oxford, and matriculated at ...

Article

Maxwell, Sir William Stirling, ninth baronet (1818–1878), art historian, historian, and book collector, was born William Stirling on 8 March 1818 at Kenmure House, Kirkintilloch, near Glasgow, the only son of Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder (1769–1847) and Elizabeth Maxwell (1793–1822), daughter of ...

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Sir William Stirling Maxwell, ninth baronet (1818–1878) by George Richmond, c. 1856 private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Palgrave [formerly Cohen], Sir Francis (1788–1861), archivist and historian, was born in July 1788 at Green Street, Kentish Town, London, the only son of Meyer Cohen (c.1760–1831), a stockbroker, and his wife, Rachel, née Levien (d. 1815). In 1797 ...

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Sir Francis Palgrave (1788–1861) by Thomas Woolner, 1861 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gordon Goodwin

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Pryce, George (1799–1868), historian and librarian, born on 2 October 1799, was largely self-educated. He was at first a schoolmaster, but subsequently became an accountant at Bristol. He devoted his leisure to the study of archaeology and the early history of Bristol. In April 1856 he was appointed city librarian in ...

Article

A. F. Pollard

revised by G. H. Martin

Selby, Walford Dakin (1845–1889), archivist and historian, was born at home on 16 June 1845, the eldest son of Thomas Selby of Whitley and Wimbush Hall, Essex, and his wife, Elizabeth, youngest daughter and coheir of Ralph Foster of Holderness, Yorkshire. His great-great-grandfather had taken the name ...

Article

F. H. Slingsby

revised by Marc Brodie

Shaw, William Arthur (1865–1943), archivist and historian, was born at Hooley Hill, Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, on 19 April 1865, the younger son of James Shaw, manufacturer, and his wife, Sarah Ann Hampshire. He was educated at the Owens College, Manchester, where he was awarded the Cobden Club prize and the Bradford history scholarship (1883), the Shuttleworth political economy scholarship (1884), and was appointed a ...

Article

Stevenson, Joseph (1806–1895), historian, archivist, and Church of England clergyman, was born on 27 November 1806 at Berwick upon Tweed, the eldest son of Robert Stevenson, surgeon, and his wife, Elizabeth Wilson. He had two sisters. After his first schooling at Witton-le-Wear he entered the grammar school attached to ...

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Joseph Stevenson (1806–1895) by Charles Matthew, c. 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Stokes, Ethel (1870–1944), record agent and preserver of local archives, was born on 17 January 1870 at 89 Churchill Road, Holloway, London, the eldest child of Edwin James Stokes (1844–1916), accountant, and Fanny Augusta, née Baker (1846–1933), music teacher. Ethel's brother, Durham (1872–1957)...

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Ethel Stokes (1870–1944) by unknown photographer, c.1934 © reserved