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Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 June 1736 in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of James Allan (1712–1790) and Elizabeth Pemberton (1710–1756). His father, ‘Auld Jem’, fourth son of Nicholas Allan of Staindrop, had trained as an attorney, and in 1738 was appointed bailiff of ...

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Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711), topographer and antiquary, was baptized at Monken Hadley, Middlesex, on 26 August 1647, the eldest son of Sir Robert Atkyns (bap. 1621, d. 1710), lawyer, and his first wife, Mary (d. 1681), daughter of Sir George Clerk...

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R. E. Graves

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Bartlett, William Henry (1809–1854), topographical artist, was born on 26 March 1809 at 5 Bartholomew Place, Kentish Town, London, the second child and elder son in the family of three children of William Bartlett and his wife, Ann. At the age of seven he was sent to a local boarding-school, where he was very miserable. He left school in 1821, and in 1822 was apprenticed to the antiquary ...

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Barton, Richard (1706–1759), topographer and religious writer, was born in Painstown, co. Meath, Ireland, the third son of the Revd John Barton (fl. 1675–1735), dean of Ardagh, and Elinor Jenney, daughter of the Revd Henry Jenney, archdeacon of Dromore diocese, and granddaughter of ...

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Blomefield, Francis (1705–1752), topographical historian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 23 July 1705 at Fersfield, Norfolk, the eldest son of Henry Blomefield (1680–1732) and his wife, Alice Batch (d. 1730), daughter of Henry Batch of Lynn. He came from a family of yeomen farmers and was the first member to receive a university education. He began attending classes run by the rector of ...

Article

Jennett Humphreys

revised by John Whyman

Boys, William (1735–1803), surgeon and topographer, was born in Deal, Kent, on 7 September 1735, the eldest son of Commodore William Boys (1700–1774), afterwards lieutenant-governor of Greenwich Hospital, and Elizabeth Pearson of Deal. He practised as a surgeon in Sandwich and devoted much of his spare time to literature and scientific research. Descended from an ancient ...

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John Brand (1744–1806) by unknown artist Tyne and Wear Museums

Article

Brand, John (1744–1806), antiquary and topographer, was born on 19 August 1744 at Washington in co. Durham, where his father, Alexander Brand, was the parish clerk. Little is known of his mother, Elizabeth Wheatley, who died shortly after he was born. When his father remarried ...

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Britton, John (1771–1857), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 July 1771 at Kington St Michael, near Chippenham, Wiltshire, the son of Henry Britton, a small farmer, maltster, baker, and village shopkeeper, and his wife, Anne Hillier. His mother died young, having reared ten children, of whom ...

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John Britton (1771–1857) by John Wood, 1845 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Samuel Buck (1696–1779) by Richard Houston, pubd 1774 (after Joseph Highmore) [Buck brothers [left to right]: and Nathaniel Buck (1724-1759)] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Buck, Samuel (1696–1779), topographical draughtsman, engraver, and print publisher, is usually said to have been born in Richmond, Yorkshire, though firm evidence of his birth place is lacking. Hauxwell, 4½ miles south of Richmond, has also been suggested. His father was living near ...

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Butterworth, Edwin (1812–1848), topographer and journalist, was the tenth child of James Butterworth (1771–1837) and his wife, Hannah Boyton (or Royton; 1774–1836). He was born at Pitses, near Oldham, on 1 October 1812. From childhood Edwin assisted his father, a well-known local historian and publisher, in the preparation of his works, but from the age of sixteen he was writing and publishing on his own account. He produced town histories, cartographical surveys, reports of charities and local societies, and a miscellany of topographical and historical material. By the late 1830s he was becoming particularly interested in the collection and presentation of statistical information on the economic and social trends of ...

Article

C. W. Sutton

revised by Joanne Potier

Calvert, Michael (bap. 1770, d. 1862), topographer, son of Richard and Barbara Calvert, was born in Knaresborough, Yorkshire, and baptized at the parish church on 2 February 1770. By profession a chemist, he filled the office of churchwarden in 1808 and 1809 and in the latter year repaired the chancel of the church. Among other local concerns in which ...

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Candler [Gillet], Matthias (1605–1663), topographer and Church of England clergyman, son of William Gillet or Candler (c.1580–1612), schoolmaster, of Yoxford, Suffolk, and his wife, Hannah (c.1585–1649), daughter of William Fiske and Anna Anstye of South Elmham St James, was born on 24 February 1605 at ...

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Canning, Richard (1708–1775), religious controversialist and topographer, was born in Plymouth on 30 September 1708, the son of Richard Canning (d. 1726) and his wife, Margaret (d. 1734). His father retired from the navy after twenty years' service as a courageous naval commander and in 1712 took the family to ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Nilanjana Banerji

Carre, Walter Riddell- [formerly Walter Riddell] (1807–1874), topographer, the second son of Thomas Riddell of Camieston (d. 1824) and his wife, Jane (d. 1833), daughter of Captain Walter Ferrier of Somerford, was born in Edinburgh on 4 August 1807. He was descended from the family of ...

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Chapple, William (1718–1781), topographer, was born at Witheridge, Devon, in January 1718, and was baptized at the church there on 18 January in that year. He was the son of William Chapple and his wife, Mary. His father, originally a farmer, had fallen into poverty, and so ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by J. A. Marchand

Charlton, Lionel (1720?–1788), schoolmaster and topographer, was probably born on 2 December 1720 at Upper Stobbilee in the parish of Bellingham, Northumberland, and baptized on 22 December 1720 at Bellingham, the son of Peter Charlton. His gravestone, however, gives an age at death that suggests that he was born in 1721 or 1722. Suffering from a slight disability in one leg and hand, he was educated at a free grammar school and then at the ...

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Cox, Thomas (1655/6–1734), historian and Church of England clergyman, was born in Essex, probably near Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, where he attended the free grammar school. At the age of sixteen he was admitted sizar at Queens' College, Cambridge, on 27 March 1672 and he matriculated in the same year, graduating BA in 1675 and proceeding MA in 1679. He was ordained deacon in ...