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Canterbury, Gervase of (b. c. 1145, d. in or after 1210), Benedictine monk, chronicler, and topographer, was a member of the cathedral priory of Christ Church, Canterbury, where he was professed by Archbishop Thomas Becket early in 1163. Becket also ordained him, but not necessarily on the same occasion, and on balance it is likely that ...

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Cox, Thomas (1655/6–1734), historian and Church of England clergyman, was born in Essex, probably near Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, where he attended the free grammar school. At the age of sixteen he was admitted sizar at Queens' College, Cambridge, on 27 March 1672 and he matriculated in the same year, graduating BA in 1675 and proceeding MA in 1679. He was ordained deacon in ...

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Harrison, William (1535–1593), historian and topographer, was born in the 'house next to the Holy Lamb toward Cheapside', in Cordwainer Street, London, at 'hora 11, minut 4, Secunde 56', on Sunday 18 April 1535, the son of John and Anne Harrison, whom he described as 'honourable citizens' in his brief Latin autobiography written about 1565 in his copy of ...

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See Kendrick, James

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Maitland, William (c. 1693–1757), historian and topographer, was born at Brechin, Forfarshire. Nothing is known of his parentage or of his education. He is known first as a hair merchant, an occupation that took him to Sweden, Denmark, and Germany, and which seems to have enabled him to devote himself to historical study. By 1733 he was in ...

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Smith, Charles (c. 1715–1762), topographer and county historian, was born in co. Waterford, Ireland, of unknown family origins. He began his employment in Dungarvan, co. Waterford, in 1740 as an apothecary. From 1738 he was involved in an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to publish a natural history atlas of the counties of ...