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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to Adair dates from May 1681, when he was granted a licence by the ...

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Ainsworth, William Francis (1807–1896), geographer and geologist, was born on 9 November 1807, in Exeter, the third son of John Ainsworth of Rostherne, Cheshire, army officer. At the suggestion of his cousin, the novelist William Harrison Ainsworth, he adopted the additional forename Francis...

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Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 June 1736 in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of James Allan (1712–1790) and Elizabeth Pemberton (1710–1756). His father, ‘Auld Jem’, fourth son of Nicholas Allan of Staindrop, had trained as an attorney, and in 1738 was appointed bailiff of ...

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Allen, Thomas (1803–1833), topographer, son of J. Allen, map engraver, was probably born in London. In 1827 he published The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Lambeth and the Archiepiscopal Palace, with illustrations, chiefly drawn and etched by himself. He afterwards published: ...

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Terence Edward Armstrong (1920–1996) by unknown photographer © reserved; News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Armstrong, Terence Edward (1920–1996), polar scholar, was born on 7 April 1920 at Oxted, Surrey, the youngest of three sons in the family of six children of Thomas Mandeville Emerson Armstrong (1869–1922), director of the Commercial Union Insurance Company, and his wife, Jane Crawford Young (1881–1945)...

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Michael Antony Aston (1946–2013) by Mark Thomas, 2000 Rex Features

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Aston, Michael Antony [Mick] (1946–2013), geographer and archaeologist, was born on 1 July 1946 at 112 Birch Road, Oldbury, Worcestershire, the son of Harold Henry Aston, a joiner's toolmaker, and his wife, Gladys, née Bagnall. Oldbury belonged to the industrial Black Country (on the border between ...

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Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711), topographer and antiquary, was baptized at Monken Hadley, Middlesex, on 26 August 1647, the eldest son of Sir Robert Atkyns (bap. 1621, d. 1710), lawyer, and his first wife, Mary (d. 1681), daughter of Sir George Clerk...

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Baker, John Norman Leonard (1893–1971), geographer, was born on 12 December 1893 at 33 Beaumont Street, St Clements, Liverpool, the first son of the Revd John William Baker, Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Louisa (1858–1945). From Liverpool College (1911–13) he went up to ...

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Balchin, William George Victor [Bill] (1916–2007), geographer, was born on 20 June 1916 at 1 Ivy Cottages, Bellevue Road, Aldershot, the only child of Victor Balchin (1884–1944), steam lorry driver, and later publican, and his wife, Ellen Winifred Gertrude, née Chapple (1891–1988). His family life in ...

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T. F. Henderson

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Barry, George (1748–1805), topographical writer, was a native of Berwickshire. Educated at Edinburgh University, he was licensed to preach by the presbytery of Edinburgh. Initially he served as a tutor to the sons of gentlemen in Orkney, by whose patronage he became minister of second charge in ...

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See Bartholomew family

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Bartlet, Benjamin (1714–1787), numismatist and topographer, was born on 1 September 1714 at Bradford, Yorkshire, the only son of Benjamin Bartlet (1678–1759), bookseller and apothecary, and his second wife, Elizabeth Green (1684–1751). The family were Quakers: his grandfather and father suffered the seizure of goods for absenting themselves from the parish church; and ...

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R. E. Graves

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Bartlett, William Henry (1809–1854), topographical artist, was born on 26 March 1809 at 5 Bartholomew Place, Kentish Town, London, the second child and elder son in the family of three children of William Bartlett and his wife, Ann. At the age of seven he was sent to a local boarding-school, where he was very miserable. He left school in 1821, and in 1822 was apprenticed to the antiquary ...

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Barton, Richard (1706–1759), topographer and religious writer, was born in Painstown, co. Meath, Ireland, the third son of the Revd John Barton (fl. 1675–1735), dean of Ardagh, and Elinor Jenney, daughter of the Revd Henry Jenney, archdeacon of Dromore diocese, and granddaughter of ...

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Baskerville, Thomas (1630/31–1700), topographer, was born, probably at Bayworth House, Sunningwell, Berkshire, in 1630 or early 1631, the eldest surviving son of the eccentric antiquary Hannibal Baskerville (1597–1668) and his second wife and cousin, Mary (1602–1644)—daughter of Nicholas Baskerville and widow of ...

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M. J. Wise

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Beaver, Stanley Henry (1907–1984), geographer, was born on 11 August 1907 at 69 Clifford Gardens, Willesden, London, the second son and fifth child in the family of two sons and three daughters of William Henry Beaver, Post Office letter sorter, and his wife, ...

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Beckinsale, Robert Percy [Becky] (1908–1998), geographer, was born on 23 July 1908 at Stanford in the Vale, near Faringdon, Berkshire, one of four children of Percy Beckinsale (1880–1947), gardener and harness maker, and his wife, Annie, née Bunce (1880–1959), a governess. At the age of ten he went to the grammar school in ...

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Charles Tilstone Beke (1800–1874) by Maull & Fox © National Portrait Gallery, London