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Beard, John Relly (1800–1876), Unitarian minister and educationist, was born on 4 August 1800 at 24 Charlotte Row, Landport, Portsmouth, the eldest of the nine children of John Beard (1775–1831) and his wife, Ann Paine (1777/8–1864). His father was a small tradesman and the family lived in comparative poverty. This, combined with his father's religious evolution out of a rigid Calvinism, helped to make ...

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Richard Carmichael (1779–1849) by Edward Francis Finden (after Sir Frederic William Burton) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Carpenter, Mary (1807–1877), educationist and penal reformer, was born on 3 April 1807 at Exeter, the eldest of six children of the Unitarian minister Lant Carpenter (1780–1840) and his wife, Anna Penn (1782?–1856), a supervisor of schools for girls. The Carpenters belonged to the intellectual aristocracy of English puritanism, a world largely set apart from the wider society. Piety, an exacting sense of obligation, and reforming principles marked the household. Though vowed to tolerance, the ...

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Chamberlain, Beatrice Mary (1862–1918), educationist and political organizer, was born at 24 Harborne Road, Edgbaston, on the fringes of Birmingham, on 25 May 1862, the eldest daughter of the imperial statesman Joseph Chamberlain (1836–1914) and his first wife, Harriet, née Kenrick (1835–1863). Her mother died a year later giving birth to ...

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James Chuter Chuter- Ede, Baron Chuter-Ede (1882–1965) by Howard Coster, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ede, James Chuter Chuter-, Baron Chuter-Ede (1882–1965), politician and educationist, was born on 11 September 1882 at Epsom, Surrey, the son of James Ede, a grocer, and his wife, Agnes Mary Chuter. He had one sister. In common with many lower-middle-class shopkeepers in the late Victorian period, ...

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Foxley, Barbara (1860–1958), educationist and campaigner for women's rights, was born on 20 August 1860 at Market Weighton in the East Riding of Yorkshire, the second daughter of the Revd Joseph Foxley (1827–1911), vicar of that parish, and his wife, Lucy Allen. She was educated privately at home, then at schools in ...

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M. E. Sadler

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Herford, William Henry (1820–1908), educationist, was born at Coventry on 20 October 1820, the third surviving son in a family of six sons and three daughters of John Herford and his first wife, Sarah (d. 1831), daughter of Edward Smith of Birmingham...

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Hodgson, William Ballantyne (1815–1880), educationist and economist, the elder son of William Hodgson, printer, friend, and works manager of James Ballantyne (1772–1833), was born at 23 Gardner's Crescent, Edinburgh, on 6 October 1815. He had a brother and a half-sister on his mother's side. His father intended him for the law and, after attending ...

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James Luckcock (1761–1835) by unknown artist © Birmingham Museums Trust

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Luckcock, James (1761–1835), educational and political reformer, was born in Birmingham on 24 October 1761. He was educated at the Winson Green Academy near the town, before travelling to Paris to learn French. Upon his return he was apprenticed to Benjamin May, a ...

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Lupton [née Greenhow], Frances Elizabeth (1821–1892), educationist, was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, the eldest of the four children of Thomas Michael Greenhow (1792–1881), surgeon, sanitary reformer, and founder of the Newcastle school of medicine and surgery, and his first wife, Elizabeth...

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Malleson [née Whitehead], Elizabeth (1828–1916), educationist and promoter of rural district nursing, was born on 29 October 1828 in Chelsea, London, the eldest of the eleven children of Henry Whitehead, solicitor, of Chelsea, and his wife, Frances Ann, youngest child of Francis Maguire...

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Maurice, Mary Atkinson (1797–1858), educationist, was born at Kirby Cane, Norfolk, the second daughter of the Revd Michael Maurice, a Unitarian minister and schoolmaster, and his wife, Priscilla Maurice (née Hurry). She was educated by her father along with some of her sisters and neighbours, showing a particular gift for languages and literature, and as she grew older, she helped to teach her numerous younger sisters. She was the most practical and businesslike member of the family....

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See Melly, George

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Read, Margaret Helen (1889–1991), social anthropologist and colonial educationist, was born at Battersea Rise, south London, on 5 August 1889. She was the first of two children (including a son born in 1892) of Mabyn Read (1854–1936), a doctor and later the first medical officer of health in the town of ...

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Russell, William James (1830–1909), chemist and educationist, was born on 20 May 1830 at Gloucester, the third child of Thomas Pougher Russell (1775–1851), a banker at Gloucester, and his wife, Mary (1790–1877), fourth daughter of Colonel James Skey and his second wife, Eleanor...

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Schwabe, Julie (1818–1896), philanthropist and educationist, was born at Bremen on 31 January 1818, daughter of the Jewish merchant Gottschalk Herz Schwabe, and was educated at Hamburg and Leipzig. She was originally named Ricke Rosetta Schwabe; by the time of her marriage she had the name ...