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Backhouse, Margaret Ann (1887–1977), educationist and humanitarian activist, was born at The Grange, Hurworth, near Darlington, co. Durham, on 4 May 1887, the youngest but one of ten children of James Edward Backhouse (1845–1897) and his wife, Elizabeth Barclay Fowler (1849–1911). Her father was a partner in ...

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Birkbeck, George (1776–1841), physician and educationist, was born in Settle, Yorkshire, on 10 January 1776, the second son in the family of four sons and one daughter of William Birkbeck (1745–1805), a Quaker merchant, manufacturer, and banker, and his wife, Sarah (1750–1790), daughter of ...

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Samuel Clark (1810–1875) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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William Benham

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Clark, Samuel (1810–1875), educationist, the youngest of ten children of Joseph and Fanny Clark, was born at Southampton on 19 May 1810. His father, a prosperous brush and basket maker of the town, was a member of the Society of Friends. Samuel was brought up a strict Quaker. One of his earliest recollections was of being patted on the head by ...

Article

G. J. Holyoake

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Edmondson, George (1798–1863), educationist, was born in Lancaster on 8 September 1798, the son of John and Jane Edmondson, trunk manufacturers. His parents were Quakers, and he spent his early years entirely among Quakers, and always belonged to the Society. He had a gift for mechanical invention, shared by his brother ...

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Ellis [née Stickney], Sarah (1799–1872), writer and educationist, was born at Ridgmont, in Holderness, Yorkshire, the youngest of the five children of William Stickney (d. 1848), a Quaker farmer, and his wife, Esther, née Richardson (d. 1803). By his second wife, '...

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Gilpin [married name Sadler], Eva Margaret (1868–1940), headmistress and educationist, was born on 25 March 1868, at Nottingham, the second daughter of Edmund Octavius Gilpin, a stockbroker, and his wife, Margaret, née Binns. Her parents, who were Quakers, could claim some distinguished forebears: three clergy, two artists, an MP, a diplomat, and a headmaster of ...

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Gittins, John Stanley (1910–1996), educationist, was born on 1 March 1910 in Hinckley, Leicestershire, the son of Albert Harold Gittins (1886–1943), a manager of the Co-operative Society, and his wife, Lily, née King (1883–1917). He was educated at Hinckley grammar school (1920–27); University College, Leicester...

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Louisa Gurney Hoare (1784–1836) by unknown engraver (after Andrew Robertson, exh. RA 1830) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hoare, Louisa Gurney (1784–1836), educationist and author, was born in Norwich on 25 September 1784, the seventh of the eleven children of the Quaker John Gurney (1749–1809) of Earlham and Catherine Bell (1754–1792). Among her siblings were the prison reformer Elizabeth Fry, the philanthropists ...

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Jeffery, George Barker (1891–1957), mathematician and educationist, was born in Lambeth, London on 9 May 1891, the son of George Jeffery, corresponding clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth McDonald McKenzie. He was educated at Strand School, King's College, London, and Wilson's Grammar School, Camberwell...

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Jellicoe [née Mullin], Anne William (1823–1880), educationist, born in Mountmellick, Queen's county, was the daughter of William Mullin (1796–1826), a Quaker schoolmaster, and his wife, Margaret Thompson (1801–1840). Little is known about her early life. Orphaned by the time she was seventeen years of age, she married ...

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Joseph Lancaster (1778–1838) by John Hazlitt, c. 1818 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lancaster, Joseph (1778–1838), educationist, was born in Kent Street, Southwark, London, on 25 November 1778, the youngest son of Richard Lancaster (1742–1821) a former soldier working as a cane sieve maker. Joseph's mother, Sarah Lancaster, née Faulkes (d. 1811), who had borne ten children, kept a small shop near ...

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Lloyd, Julia (1867–1955), educationist, was born at Hollies, Wednesbury, Staffordshire, on 13 April 1867, the eighth daughter in the family of ten daughters and two sons of Samuel Lloyd (1827–1918), an ironmaster, and his wife, Jane Eliza, née Janson (1839–1895). In 1870 the ...

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Medd [née Crowley], Mary Beaumont (1907–2005), architect and educationist, was born at 31 Wilmer Drive, Heaton, Bradford, on 4 August 1907, the younger daughter of Ralph Henry Crowley (1869–1953), physician, and his wife, Muriel, née Priestman (1880–1975). Her mother came from a local Quaker family of wool manufacturers with a tradition of philanthropy and culture. At the time of ...

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Rowntree, Joseph (1801–1859), educationist, was born on 10 June 1801 at Scarborough, the sixth of the seven children of the Quakers John Rowntree (1757–1827), a master mariner, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Lotherington (1764–1835). He was educated at a school for the sons of Friends at ...

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Tanner, Frederick Arthur [Robin] (1904–1988), etcher and educationist, was born on 17 April 1904 at 5 Ryde Road, Knowle, Bristol, the third son of six children of Sydney Albert Tanner, journeyman carpenter, and Emily Annie, formerly Baker, a housemaid from Kington Langley, Wiltshire...

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Dame Margaret Janson Tuke (1862–1947) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London / Oxford University Press

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Tuke, Dame Margaret Janson (1862–1947), educationist and college head, was born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, on 13 March 1862, the youngest of five children of James Hack Tuke (1819–1896), banker and philanthropist, and his first wife, Elizabeth Janson (d. 1869). In unpublished autobiographical notes written in 1942, she recorded that her Quaker upbringing gave her a lifelong dislike of '...