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James Elphinston (1721–1809) by James Caldwall (after John Graham) © National Portrait Gallery, London


Elphinston, James (1721–1809), educationist and advocate of spelling reform, was born on 6 December 1721 in Edinburgh, the son of William Elphinston, an Episcopalian minister, and his wife, Rachel Honeyman (d. 1750), niece of the bishop of Orkney. He was educated at the high school and at the university in ...