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Adam, Alexander (1741–1809), schoolmaster and classical scholar, was born on 24 June 1741 at Coats of Burgie, a small farm in the parish of Rafford, Moray, the youngest child of the large family of John Adam (d. 1758), tenant farmer, and Christian Watson...

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Alexander Adam (1741–1809) by Sir Henry Raeburn, c. 1805 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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Blackwell, Thomas (1701–1757), classical scholar and historian, was born on 4 August 1701 in the city of Aberdeen, second son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), one of the ministers of Aberdeen, later professor of divinity, and his wife, Christian Johnstoun (d. 1749). His younger brother was ...

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Colville, David (c. 1581–1629), classical and oriental scholar, was the fifth and youngest son of Robert Colvill (d. 1584), the protestant laird of Cleish, Kinross-shire, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of the laird of Dowhill. A precocious student who displayed a great talent for Greek and Hebrew, ...

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Andrew Dalzel (1742–1806) by Sir Henry Raeburn Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Dalzel [formerly Dalziel], Andrew (1742–1806), classical scholar and tutor, was born on 6 October 1742 at Gateside of Newliston, a farm where his family had held the tenancy for more than a century, in the parish of Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire. He was the son of ...

Article

John Westby-Gibson

revised by Patrick Bullard

Duncan, William (1717–1760), natural philosopher and classicist, elder son of William Duncan, an Aberdeen tradesman, and his wife, Euphemia Kirkwood, daughter of a wealthy farmer in Haddingtonshire, was born in Aberdeen in July 1717. He had several sisters and a younger brother, John...

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Frazer, Sir James George (1854–1941), social anthropologist and classical scholar, was born in Blythswood Square, Glasgow, on 1 January 1854, the eldest of the four children of Daniel F. Frazer (1821–1900), leading partner in the long-established firm of chemists Frazer and Green, and his wife, ...

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Sir James George Frazer (1854–1941) by Lafayette, 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gillies, John (1747–1836), ancient historian and classical scholar, was born in Brechin, Forfarshire, on 18 January 1747, the eldest son in the large family of Robert Gillies, a merchant in Brechin and proprietor of Little Keithock, and his wife, Margaret Smith, the daughter of a ...

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Lorimer, William Laughton (1885–1967), classical scholar and translator, was born in Strathmartine, near Dundee, on 27 June 1885, the son of the Revd Robert Lorimer (1840–1925), a minister in the United Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Isabella Lockhart Robertson (1849–1931). Lorimer...

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Macdonald, Sir George (1862–1940), classical scholar and civil servant, was born at Elgin on 30 January 1862, the third son of James Macdonald, a master at Elgin Academy and an antiquary, and his wife, Margaret Raff. He was educated at Ayr Academy, of which his father was then rector, and at ...

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Sir George Macdonald (1862–1940) by Maurice Greiffenhagen, 1929 © reserved; photograph courtesy the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Moor, James (bap. 1712, d. 1779), classical scholar, was baptized James Moore in Glasgow on 22 June 1712, the son of James Moore, or Muir, a Glasgow mathematics teacher, and Margaret Park. Despite the loss of an eye from measles, Moor read voraciously as a boy, especially at the shop of the bookseller ...

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Muirhead, George (bap. 1715, d. 1773), Church of Scotland minister and classical scholar, was born in Dunipace, Stirlingshire, where he was baptized on 24 June 1715, the second son of John Muirhead of Teggetsheugh, of the Muirheads of Lauchop, Lanarkshire, and Margaret Sim...

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Neil, Robert Alexander (1852–1901), classical scholar and orientalist, was born on 26 December 1852 at Glengairn manse, Glengairn, near Ballater, Aberdeenshire, the second son of Robert Neil, minister of the quoad sacra parish of Glengairn, and his wife, Mary, née Reid. Both parents were from ...

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Peterson, Sir William (1856–1921), classical scholar and educationist, the fifth son of John Peterson, a merchant of Leith, and his wife, Grace Montford, née Anderson, was born in Edinburgh on 29 May 1856. He was educated at the high school there and the ...

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A. H. Millar

revised by C. A. Creffield

Pyper, William (1797–1861), classical scholar, was born of poor parents in the parish of Rathen, Aberdeenshire. After matriculating at Marischal College, Aberdeen, he completed his course there with distinction. From 1815 to 1817 he was parochial schoolmaster at Laurence Kirk; he afterwards held a similar position at ...

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Ramsay, Sir William Mitchell (1851–1939), classical scholar and archaeologist, was born in Glasgow on 15 March 1851, the youngest son of Thomas Ramsay and his wife, Jane, daughter of William Mitchell, both of Alloa. Ramsay came from a family of lawyers, his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather having all been advocates, his grandfather also procurator fiscal of ...