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Peter Giles

revised by Mark J. Schofield

Adam, James (1860–1907), classical scholar and philosopher, born on 7 April 1860 at Kinmuck in the parish of Keithhall near Inverurie in Aberdeenshire, was second child and only son of James Adam and his wife, Barbara Anderson. The father owned the general store and tailor's shop which served the neighbouring countryside; he died of typhoid fever when his son was only eight. His mother by her own energy carried on the business, and brought up her six children. He made rapid progress at the parish school of ...

Article

Balfour, Robert (b. c. 1555, d. in or after 1621), philosopher and classical scholar, was born at Tarrie in Forfarshire; that he matriculated at St Andrews University in 1571 suggests a date of birth about 1555. After graduating he taught at St Andrews...

Article

Burley, Walter (b. 1274/5, d. in or after 1344), philosopher and commentator on Aristotle, was born (on the evidence of a note in one of his own works which records his age as sixty-two in 1337) in 1274 or 1275, possibly either at ...

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See Hardie, William Ross

Article

Johnson, Thomas (1702/3–1737), classical scholar and moral philosopher, was born at Debenham, Suffolk, the son of Thomas Johnson (b. 1674/5), Church of England clergyman of that parish. He was educated at Monk Soham School, Suffolk, and Magdalene College, Cambridge, which he entered aged eighteen on 3 June 1721. He graduated BA in 1724 and MA in 1728. He was ordained deacon on 19 December 1725 and priest on 11 June 1727. He was senior university taxor at ...

Article

E. S. Robertson

revised by Richard Smail

Maguire, Thomas (1831–1889), classical scholar and philosopher, was born in Dublin on 24 January 1831, the son of Thomas Maguire, a Roman Catholic merchant, subsequently stipendiary magistrate in Mauritius. After attending a school in Dublin, at the age of fifteen Maguire went with his family to the colony, but returned to enter ...

Article

Mayor, Joseph Bickersteth (1828–1916), philosopher and classical scholar, was born on 24 October 1828 at the Cape of Good Hope, as his parents were returning from Ceylon. He was the eighth of the twelve children of Robert Mayor (1791–1846), missionary and cleric, and his wife, ...

Article

Newman, Francis William (1805–1897), classical scholar and moral philosopher, was born at 17 Southampton Street, Bloomsbury Square, London, on 27 June 1805. His father, John Newman (1767–1824), a banker, was of Dutch descent and his mother, Jemima (1772–1836), of Huguenot extraction, was a sister of the paper manufacturer ...

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Francis William Newman (1805–1897) by Herbert Watkins, 1858 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Smith, John Alexander (1863–1939), philosopher and classical scholar, was born at Dingwall, Ross-shire, on 21 April 1863, the second son of Andrew Smith, of Dingwall, solicitor and county clerk of Ross, and his wife, Jane Eliza Fraser. He was educated at Inverness Academy...

Article

H. A. Prichard

revised by David Boucher

Wilson, John Cook (1849–1915), philosopher and classical scholar, was born on 6 June 1849 at Mount Horton, Nottingham, the only son of the three children of the Revd James Wilson (1814–1902), a Methodist minister, and his wife, Hannah (1818–1902), daughter of John Cook...