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Bernal, Martin Gardiner (1937–2013), Sinologist and ancient historian, was born on 10 March 1937 at 35 Downshire Hill, Hampstead, London, the son of (John) Desmond Bernal (1901–1971), physicist, and Margaret Emilia Gardiner (1904–2005), arts patron. His mother, the daughter of the Egyptologist Sir Alan Gardiner...

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Blackie, John Stuart (1809–1895), classical and Scottish Gaelic scholar, was born on 28 July 1809 in Charlotte Street, Glasgow, the eldest son of Alexander Blackie (bap. 1780, d. 1856), banker, and Helen (1783–1819), daughter of William Stodart of Hamilton and his wife, ...

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John Stuart Blackie (1809–1895) by Sir George Reid, 1893 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Church, Frederick John (1854–1888), classical scholar and translator, was born on 24 May 1854 at Whatley, Somerset, the eldest of the four children of the Revd Richard William Church (1815–1890), later dean of St Paul's, and his wife, Helen Frances Church, née Bennett...

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Colville, David (c. 1581–1629), classical and oriental scholar, was the fifth and youngest son of Robert Colvill (d. 1584), the protestant laird of Cleish, Kinross-shire, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of the laird of Dowhill. A precocious student who displayed a great talent for Greek and Hebrew, ...

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Thomas Creech (1659–1700) by William Sonmans © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Creech, Thomas (1659–1700), translator and classical scholar, was born in Blandford, Dorset, the only son of Thomas Creech (d. 1720) and his wife, Jane (d. 1693). Creech, who had one sister, Bridget, was educated at the free grammar school in nearby ...

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Inwood, Christiane Sourvinou- (1945–2007), Greek scholar, was born in Volos, Greece, on 26 February 1945, the daughter of Spyros Sourvinos, a colonel in the Greek army, and his wife, a teacher of economics and eventually a headmistress. The family moved from their home in ...

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Lorimer, William Laughton (1885–1967), classical scholar and translator, was born in Strathmartine, near Dundee, on 27 June 1885, the son of the Revd Robert Lorimer (1840–1925), a minister in the United Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Isabella Lockhart Robertson (1849–1931). Lorimer...

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Mavrogordato, John Nicolas (1882–1970), Greek scholar and translator, was born on 19 July 1882 at 34 Gloucester Gardens, Kensington, London, the second son of Nicolas Mavrogordato (1850–1890), merchant, and his wife, Alexandra (otherwise Amalia, Amélie, or Amelia), née Scaramanga (1857–1945). His father was born in ...

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Merrick, James (1720–1769), biblical and classical scholar and translator, was born at Reading on 8 January 1720, the son of John Merrick MD (1669/70–1757) and Elizabeth (d. 1764), daughter of Richard Lybbe of Hardwick, Oxfordshire. The Latin inscription on his parents' graves in ...

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Neil, Robert Alexander (1852–1901), classical scholar and orientalist, was born on 26 December 1852 at Glengairn manse, Glengairn, near Ballater, Aberdeenshire, the second son of Robert Neil, minister of the quoad sacra parish of Glengairn, and his wife, Mary, née Reid. Both parents were from ...

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Spens, Henry [Harry] (1714–1787), Church of Scotland minister and classicist, was born Henry Spence on 10 September 1714 in Edinburgh, the son of James Spens of Kirkton of Alves, an Edinburgh writer to the signet who is credited with a broadside against the Jacobite rising of 1715. His mother was ...

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Peter Giles

revised by Mark Pottle

Strachan, John (1862–1907), classical and Celtic scholar, was born on 31 January 1862 at the farm of Brae near Keith, Banffshire, the only son of James Strachan, farmer of Brae, and his wife, Ann Kerr. He was educated at the grammar school at ...

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Margaret Clunies Ross and Amanda J. Collins

Thwaites, Edward (bap. 1671, d. 1711), Anglo-Saxon and Greek scholar, was born at Crosby Ravensworth, Westmorland, and baptized there on 15 November 1671, the son of William Thwaites, a resident there. He attended a school in Kendal, before being admitted a batteler at ...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Anna Chahoud

Twining, Thomas (bap. 1734, d. 1804), classical scholar and translator, was baptized on 14 December 1734 at St Clement Danes, Westminster, the only son of Daniel Twining (1713–1762), tea dealer, and his first wife, Ann March (d. 1743), and half-brother of Richard Twining (1749–1824)...

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Walzer, Richard Rudolf (1900–1975), classical scholar and orientalist, was born on 14 July 1900 in Berlin, son of Max Walzer, a Jewish businessman of modest means, and his wife, Elfriede, née Mannheim. On leaving the Werner Siemens Realgymnasium in 1918, he began to study medicine and Hebrew, but very soon upon attending a series of lectures by ...

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Warner, Reginald Ernest [Rex] (1905–1986), novelist, classicist, and translator, was born on 9 March 1905 in Amberley, Gloucestershire, the only child of the Revd Frederic Ernest Warner, vicar ('of the modernist persuasion') of Amberley, and his schoolteacher wife Kathleen, daughter of the Revd John James Luce...