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Abercromby, Patrick (b. 1656, d. in or after 1716), antiquary, was born at Forfar, the third son of Alexander Abercromby of Fetterneir and his wife, Jean Seton. The family was a branch of the Abercrombys of Birkenbog in Banffshire, which in turn descended from the ...

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Allen, Thomas (1540?–1632), mathematician and antiquary, was probably born on 21 December 1540 (though some sources suggest 1542) at Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of William Allen. His family were local gentry who are known to have had Roman Catholic connections. Two of his four uncles also lived at ...

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Blount, Thomas (1618–1679), antiquary and lexicographer, was born at Bordesley Park, Worcestershire, the eldest of the three sons and five daughters of Miles Blount (c.1585–1663), gentleman, and his wife, Anne (d. 1669), daughter of William Bustard of Adderbury. Both his parents were from strongly Catholic families and his adherence to the religion was to affect his life profoundly. It is not known where he was first educated, but he did not attend a university, and his choice of a legal training—he entered the ...

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Blundell, William (1560–1638), antiquary, was the elder of two sons of Richard Blundell (d. 1591/2) and his wife, Anne, of Little Crosby, in the parish of Sefton, near Liverpool. The family, who had been landowners in the area since the thirteenth century, resisted the Reformation and suffered persecution throughout the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Following the regular family practice of education abroad, in 1580 ...

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Bolton [Boulton], Edmund Mary (b. 1574/5, d. in or after 1634), antiquary and historian, was born in 1574 or 1575, according to an impress in his own hand styled 'Edmundus Maria Boltonus, aetatis 47, 1622' (BL, MS Harl. 6521, fol. 152...

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Bullock, William (bap. 1773, d. 1849), naturalist and antiquary, was baptized on 8 May 1773 at St Andrew's Church, Plymouth, Devon, the son of James Bullock and his second wife, Sibylla, of Bristol, the owners of a travelling waxworks. He had an older half-brother, ...

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Byres, James, of Tonley (1734–1817), antiquary and architect, was born on 7 May 1734 at Tonley, his family's estate in the parish of Tough, Aberdeenshire; he was the first of the seven children of Patrick Byres (b. 1713), laird of Tonley, and of his wife, ...

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James Byres of Tonley (1734–1817) by John Bogle, pubd 1782 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Constable [formerly Tunstall], Cuthbert (c. 1680–1747), antiquary, was the second son of Francis Tunstall (1638–1713), landowner, of Wycliffe Hall and Scargill Castle, and Cecily Constable (c.1657–1712), daughter of John Constable, second Viscount Dunbar, of Burton Constable. A Catholic, he was educated in the English college at ...

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J. A. Hamilton

revised by Beth F. Wood

Cooper, Charles Purton (1793–1873), lawyer and antiquary, was the son of Charles Cooper, linen draper, of St Dunstan, Kent, and Fleet Street, London. He was educated at Wadham College, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1810 and was a contemporary of Richard Bethell, first Lord Westbury...

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Cox, John Charles (1843–1919), antiquary and ecclesiologist, was born on 29 March 1843 at Parwich, Derbyshire, the sixth of the seven children of Revd Edward Cox (1802–1869) and Anna Horsfall (1803/4–1888). He had two brothers and four sisters. In 1843 his father was vicar of ...

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Darell, William (d. in or after 1580), Church of England clergyman and antiquary, was related to the Darells of Calehill, Little Chart, Kent, who adhered to Rome after the Reformation. Otherwise nothing is known about his family or early life before 1546, when he was presented to ...

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Dee, John (1527–1609), mathematician, astrologer, and antiquary, was born on 13 July 1527 in London, the only child of Rowland Dee and his wife, Joan or Joanna (1508/9–1580), daughter of William Wild.

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John Dee (1527–1609) by unknown artist, 1574–86 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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H. R. Tedder

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Delepierre, Joseph Octave (1802–1879), author and antiquary, was born at Bruges on 12 March 1802, the son of Joseph Delepierre, for many years receiver-general of West Flanders. His mother was a Penaranda, descended from a Spanish family long established in the Netherlands. By the age of twelve he had been taught neither to read nor to write, but when at last he was sent to school he made rapid progress and soon qualified for the ...

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Doyle, James William Edmund (1822–1892), illustrator and antiquary, was born in London on 22 October 1822, the eldest of the four sons of the caricaturist John Doyle (1797–1868), who used the pseudonym HB, and his wife, Marianna Conan (d. 1832). He was the brother of the artist and illustrator ...

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Englefield, Sir Henry Charles, seventh baronet (c. 1752–1822), antiquary and writer on science, was the eldest of the five children of Sir Henry Englefield, sixth baronet (1715–1780), landowner, and his second wife, Catharine Buck (1725–1805), daughter of Sir Charles Buck, third baronet. A member of a long-established family of Catholic gentry, he is said to have been educated at one of the English Catholic colleges abroad. He succeeded his father as the seventh baronet in 1780, but moved from the family home at ...

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Sir Henry Charles Englefield, seventh baronet (c. 1752–1822) by Thomas Phillips, 1815 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Eustace, John Chetwode (1761–1815), travel writer and Roman Catholic priest, was born in Kildare, the son of Maurice Eustace and his wife, Katherine Keegan. His father's family was of Anglo-Norman descent and also claimed a connection with the Chetwodes, a family of Cheshire...

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Eyston, Charles (1667–1721), antiquary, was born on 22 September 1667, the eldest son of George Eyston (1636–1691), landowner, of East Hendred, near Wantage, Berkshire, and Anne (1631–1712), daughter of Robert Dormer of Peterley, Buckinghamshire. His family were ardent Catholics and both his father and brother were educated at ...