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Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 June 1736 in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of James Allan (1712–1790) and Elizabeth Pemberton (1710–1756). His father, ‘Auld Jem’, fourth son of Nicholas Allan of Staindrop, had trained as an attorney, and in 1738 was appointed bailiff of ...

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Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711), topographer and antiquary, was baptized at Monken Hadley, Middlesex, on 26 August 1647, the eldest son of Sir Robert Atkyns (bap. 1621, d. 1710), lawyer, and his first wife, Mary (d. 1681), daughter of Sir George Clerk...

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John Brand (1744–1806) by unknown artist Tyne and Wear Museums

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Brand, John (1744–1806), antiquary and topographer, was born on 19 August 1744 at Washington in co. Durham, where his father, Alexander Brand, was the parish clerk. Little is known of his mother, Elizabeth Wheatley, who died shortly after he was born. When his father remarried ...

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John Britton (1771–1857) by John Wood, 1845 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Britton, John (1771–1857), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 July 1771 at Kington St Michael, near Chippenham, Wiltshire, the son of Henry Britton, a small farmer, maltster, baker, and village shopkeeper, and his wife, Anne Hillier. His mother died young, having reared ten children, of whom ...

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Fenton, Richard (1747–1821), topographical writer and antiquary, the youngest child of Richard Fenton and his wife, Martha, was born at Rhoson, St David's, Pembrokeshire, and was baptized at St David's Cathedral on 20 February 1747, 'being then a month old'. He received his early education at the cathedral school and ...

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William Gostling (bap. 1696, d. 1777) by Conrad Martin Metz © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gostling, William (bap. 1696, d. 1777), antiquary and topographer, was baptized in Canterbury Cathedral on 30 January 1696, the seventh and last child of John Gostling (d. 1733), Church of England clergyman and singer, but the only child of his second wife, Dorothy Wyborne...

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Kirke, Thomas (1650–1706), antiquary and topographer, born on 22 December 1650, was the eldest son of Gilbert Kirke (1624–1663) of Cookridge, near Leeds, and his wife, Margaret Layton (d. 1688), daughter of Francis Layton of Rawden, Yorkshire. On 28 May 1668 Kirke...

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Malcolm, James Peller (1767–1815), antiquary and topographical draughtsman, was born a British subject in August 1767 and baptized at St Peter's Church, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of the merchant Moses Malcolm (d. 1769) and his wife, Mary, née Peller (b. 1742)...

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Moule, Thomas (1784–1851), antiquary, bibliographer, and topographer, was born on 14 January 1784 in the parish of St Marylebone, Middlesex. He was the eldest of nine children of John Moule (1744–1826) and his wife, Sarah Sophia, née Read (1751–1835/6). He was a bookseller in ...

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Oldfield, Henry George (fl. c. 1785–1805), antiquary and topographical artist, was the son of John Oldfield (d. 1788), bricklayer and parish clerk of Wingham, Kent; nothing more is known of his background or early life. He was practising as an architect from premises in ...

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G. S. Woods

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Oliver, Samuel Pasfield (1838–1907), geographer and antiquary, born at the rectory, Bovinger, Ongar, on 30 October 1838, was the eldest and only surviving son of William Macjanley Oliver, rector of Bovinger, and his wife, Jane Weldon. He entered Eton College in 1853, and after passing through the ...

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Raine, James (1791–1858), antiquary and topographer, son of James Raine (d. 1840), village blacksmith, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Edmund Moore, was born at Ovington in the parish of Wycliffe, Yorkshire, on 23 January 1791. He was from 1804 educated at the ...

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George Stronach

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Reid, Robert [pseud. Senex] (1773–1865), topographer and antiquary, youngest son of John Reid (1733–1788), mahogany dealer and cabinet-maker in Glasgow, was born there in the Candleriggs on 27 January 1773. He was educated at Glasgow grammar school (1782–6) and at the University of Glasgow...

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Streatfeild, Thomas (1777–1848), topographer and antiquary, was born on 5 January 1777. He was the eldest son of Sandeforth Streatfeild (bap. 1750, d. 1809) of Long Ditton, Surrey (descended from the Streatfeilds of Chiddingstone, Kent), who was a partner, first in the house of ...

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Swete [formerly Tripe], John (1752–1821), antiquary and topographer, was born John Tripe on 1 July 1752 in Ashburton, Devon, the son of Nicholas Tripe, a surgeon, and his wife, Rebecca Yard (d. 1792). He was educated at Ashburton Free School and then, through the assistance of ...

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Ralph Thoresby (1658–1725) by George Vertue, 1712 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thoresby, Ralph (1658–1725), antiquary and topographer, was born on 16 August 1658 at Kirkgate, Leeds, the son of John Thoresby (1626–1679), a wool merchant of that city who had served in the parliamentarian army under Fairfax, and his wife, Ruth (d. 1669)...