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Martin Folkes (1690–1754) by William Hogarth, 1741 © Royal Society

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Folkes, Martin (1690–1754), antiquary and natural philosopher, was born on 29 October 1690 in Queen Street in the parish of St Giles-in-the-Fields, Westminster, the eldest of three sons and two daughters of Martin Folkes (1640–1705), one of the benchers of Gray's Inn, and his wife, ...

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Horsley, John (1685/6–1732), natural philosopher and antiquary, was born of unknown parentage, probably in Northumberland but possibly in Scotland. His posthumous fame as an antiquary has meant that many commentators have sought to identify his family background, but despite a number of confident suggestions none of these is verifiable. His biography has been further confused by misidentification with at least two other contemporaries of the same name: one a land agent in ...

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William Stukeley (1687–1765) by John Smith, 1721 (after Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1720–21) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stukeley, William (1687–1765), antiquary and natural philosopher, was born on 7 November 1687 in Holbeach, Lincolnshire, the eldest son in the family of four boys and one girl of John Stukeley (d. 1705), attorney, and his wife, Frances Bullen (d. 1707)...