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Bates [née Dwyer], Daisy May (1859–1951), anthropologist and social worker among Aboriginal Australians, was born around 16 October 1859, at Roscrea, co. Tipperary, Ireland, the third of four children of Edward Dwyer, shopkeeper and small farmer, and his wife Bridget, née Hunt...

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Beattie, John Hugh Marshall (1915–1990), social anthropologist, was born on 8 May 1915 at 14 Harthill Avenue, Allerton, Liverpool, the only son and first of the two children of John Crawford Beattie (d. 1916), a civil servant and surveyor of taxes, and ...

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Blackwood, Beatrice Mary (1889–1975), anthropologist, was born on 3 May 1889 at her parents' home at 3 Marlborough Hill, Marylebone, London, the eldest of the three children of James Blackwood (1822–1911), publisher, and his wife, Mary (1859–1953), a nurse, daughter of John Carter Chamberlayne...

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Breeks, James Wilkinson (1830–1872), administrator in India and anthropologist, was born at Warcop, near Brough, Westmorland, on 5 March 1830, the son of Richard and Elizabeth Breeks. He was educated at Blackheath proprietary school, and in 1847, on the recommendation of his uncle, ...

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Brown, Alfred Reginald Radcliffe- (1881–1955), social anthropologist, was born Alfred Reginald Brown on 17 January 1881 at 39 Farm Road, Aston, Warwickshire, the second son and last of three children of Alfred Brown (1834–1886), manufacturer's clerk, and his second wife, Hannah (c...

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Buck, Sir Peter Henry [called Te Rangi Hiroa] (1877?–1951), anthropologist and physician, was born in Urenui, Taranaki province, New Zealand. There is uncertainty over his birth date since it was not registered. Buck believed that he was born in 1880, but October 1877, the date recorded in his primary school register, is probably more accurate. His father, ...

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(Harry) Verrier Holman Elwin (1902–1964) by unknown photographer, 1926 by kind permission of Wycliffe Hall, Oxford

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Elwin, (Harry) Verrier Holman (1902–1964), missionary and anthropologist, was born on 29 August 1902 at Pemole House, Castle Avenue, Dover, the eldest of the three children of Edmund Henry Elwin (1871–1909), bishop of Sierra Leone, and Minnie Ornsby, daughter of William Laban Holman...

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E. F. im Thurn

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fison, Lorimer (1832–1907), missionary and anthropologist, was born on 9 November 1832, the fourteenth son of Thomas Fison (1790–1846), miller and maltster, and Mary Matthew, daughter of John Gostling of Cotton [see Fison family]. After education at Sheffield he matriculated as a pensioner from ...

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T. B. Browning

revised by C. A. Creffield

Hale, Horatio Emmons (1817–1896), anthropologist, born on 3 May 1817, at Newport, New Hampshire, USA, was one of five children of David Hale (d. 1822), a prominent lawyer of Newport, and of Sarah Josepha Buell, his wife, who was a journalist and editor and a campaigner for women's rights. After the death of her husband, ...

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Hocart, Arthur Maurice (1883–1939), anthropologist and archaeologist, was born at Etterbeck, near Brussels, on 26 April 1883, son of James Hocart (1843–1923), Unitarian minister, and his wife, Mary Doulton. He had his early education at the Athénée d'Ixelles, Brussels, and Elizabeth College, Guernsey...

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Hogbin, Herbert Ian Priestley (1904–1989), anthropologist, was born Herbert William Hogbin on 17 December 1904 in Bawtry, Yorkshire, the first son and eldest of three children of Herbert Hogbin (1880–1940), landscape gardener, and his wife, Edith Fanny Smart (b. 1882). The family emigrated to ...

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Hutton, John Henry (1885–1968), anthropologist, was born on 27 June 1885 at West Heslerton, Malton, Yorkshire, the son of Joseph Henry Hutton, a Church of England clergyman, and his wife, Clarissa Marshall, née Barwick. He was educated at Chigwell School and at Worcester College, Oxford...

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James, Edwin Oliver (1888–1972), historian of religions and anthropologist, was born at 53 Kelly Street, Kentish Town, London, on 30 March 1888, the only child of William James, a retired draper, and his wife, Sophia Mary, née Bowtell. He was educated at University College School, London...

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Joyce, Thomas Athol (1878–1942), anthropologist and archaeologist, was born at 19 North Villas, Camden Town, London, on 4 August 1878, the elder of two sons of the journalist Thomas Heath Joyce (1850–1925), who, as first editor of the Daily Graphic from 1890 to 1906, was a pioneer of illustrated daily journalism, and his wife, ...

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Layard, John Willoughby (1891–1974), anthropologist and psychologist, was born on 27 November 1891 at 68 Palace Garden Terrace, Kensington, London, the second surviving child and first surviving son of George Somes Layard (1857–1925), a barrister and author, and his wife, Eleanor Byng, née...

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Marett, Robert Ranulph (1866–1943), philosopher and anthropologist, was born on 13 June 1866 at Blanc Pignon on Jersey, the eldest child and only son of the four children of Sir Robert Pipon Marett (1820–1884), attorney-general and later bailiff, and his wife and cousin, ...

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Robert Ranulph Marett (1866–1943) by Henry Lamb, 1935 The Rector and Scholars of Exeter College, Oxford / Estate of Henry Lamb

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Mills, James Philip (1890–1960), anthropologist, was born on 18 February 1890 at Oak Lea, Norbury Moor, Norbury, Cheshire, the younger son of James Edward Mills, hat manufacturer and later owner of Mills steelworks and Bredbury Hall, near Stockport, and his wife, Ada Smith...

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Pritchard, Sir Edward Evan Evans- (1902–1973), social anthropologist, was born on 21 September 1902 at Crowborough, Sussex, the younger of two sons, the only children of the Revd Thomas John Evans-Pritchard (d. 1929), a Welsh-speaking Church of England clergyman from Caernarfon, and his wife, ...