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Firth, Sir Raymond William (1901–2002), anthropologist, was born on 25 March 1901 in Remuera, Auckland, New Zealand, the elder son and eldest of three children of Wesley Hugh Bourne Firth (1872/3–1977), a builder, and his wife, Marie Elizabeth Jane, née Cartmill. His sister died in infancy....

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Sir Raymond William Firth (1901–2002) by Walter Bird, 1966 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

E. F. im Thurn

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Fison, Lorimer (1832–1907), missionary and anthropologist, was born on 9 November 1832, the fourteenth son of Thomas Fison (1790–1846), miller and maltster, and Mary Matthew, daughter of John Gostling of Cotton [see Fison family]. After education at Sheffield he matriculated as a pensioner from ...

Article

Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist, was born on 16 August 1925 at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire, daughter and youngest child of Albert Gough (1888–1970) and his second wife, Eleanor, née Umpleby (1892–1965), a devout Methodist who sang and recited in local chapels. Her father became village blacksmith in 1914 and played a major role in introducing combines to ...

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H. J. Fleure

revised by Sandra Rouse

Haddon, Alfred Cort (1855–1940), anthropologist, was born in London on 24 May 1855, the second child and elder son of John Haddon (1823–1904), head of a firm of type-founders and printers with a strong Baptist tradition, the family having its origins in farming near ...

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Smith, Edwin William (1876–1957), missionary and anthropologist, was born on 7 September 1876 in Aliwal North, Cape Colony, where his father, the Revd John Smith (later president of the Primitive Methodist church), was serving as a missionary. He was one of five brothers and two sisters. He completed his education at ...

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Thomas, John (1797–1881), Wesleyan missionary and Tongan scholar, was born at Lower Clent, near Stourbridge, Worcestershire, on 7 November 1797, the second child and eldest son in the large family of William Thomas, blacksmith, and his wife, Hannah, née Hyde. His parents were devout members of the ...

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White, John (1826–1891), ethnographer and public servant in New Zealand, one of the eight children of Francis White, a blacksmith, and his wife, Jane, née Angus, was born in Cockfield, co. Durham, on 3 January 1826, and emigrated to New Zealand with his family in 1834. They settled first at the ...