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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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Cohen, Ruth Louisa (1906–1991), economist and college head, was born on 10 November 1906 in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire, the second child and elder daughter of the two daughters and three sons of Walter Samuel Cohen (1870–1960), barrister and financier, and his wife, Lucy Margaret, ...

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Hayek, Friedrich August (1899–1992), economist and political philosopher, was born in Vienna on 8 May 1899, the eldest of three sons of August Josef Gustav von Hayek (1871–1928), physician and botanist, and his wife, Felicitas Johanna Valerie, née von Juraschek (1875–1967), daughter of ...

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Friedrich August Hayek (1899–1992) by Ramsey & Muspratt, 1940s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Layton, Walter Thomas, first Baron Layton (1884–1966), economist and newspaper proprietor, was born in Chelsea, London, on 15 March 1884, the second son and third of the four children of Alfred John Layton (1849–1934), of The Chalet, Fulham Park Road, London, and his wife, ...

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Alfred Marshall (1842–1924) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1908 by courtesy of the Estate of Sir William Rothenstein; collection St John's College, Cambridge

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Rita McWilliams Tullberg

Marshall, Alfred (1842–1924), economist, was born on 26 July 1842 at 66 Charlotte Road, Bermondsey, London, the second son of William Marshall (1812–1901), clerk at the Bank of England, and his wife, Rebecca Oliver (1817–1878), daughter of Thomas Oliver, butcher. He had two brothers and two sisters....

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Marshall [née Paley], Mary (1850–1944), economist, was born on 24 October 1850 in the village of Ufford, near Stamford, the second daughter of the Revd Thomas Paley and his wife, Judith Wormald. She was the great-granddaughter of Archdeacon William Paley. Her sister and a younger brother also survived into adulthood....

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Meade, James Edward (1907–1995), economist, was born on 23 June 1907 at Broome, Swanage, Dorset, the second child and only son of Charles Hippisley Meade (b. 1866/7?) and his wife, Kathleen Cotton (Kitty), née Stapleton (b. 1884), daughter of George Cotton Stapleton...

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James Edward Meade (1907–1995) by Walter Stoneman, 1951 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mill, John Stuart (1806–1873), philosopher, economist, and advocate of women's rights, was born on 20 May 1806 at 13 Rodney Street, Pentonville, London. He was the eldest of the nine children of the Scottish-born utilitarian philosopher and Benthamite reformer James Mill (1773–1836), and his wife, ...

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Ricardo, David (1772–1823), political economist, was born on 18 April 1772 at 36 Broad Street Buildings in the City of London, the third surviving child of Abraham Israel Ricardo (1733?–1812) and his wife, Abigail Delvalle (1753–1801). Sarah Ricardo Porter was his sister. The ...

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David Ricardo (1772–1823) by Thomas Phillips, exh. RA 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robbins, Lionel Charles, Baron Robbins (1898–1984), economist, was born on 22 November 1898 at Sipson Farm, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, the first child and only surviving son of Rowland Richard Robbins (1872–1960), a farmer, who was a member of Middlesex county council and twice president of the ...

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Lionel Charles Robbins, Baron Robbins (1898–1984) by Elliott & Fry, 1961 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Joan Violet Robinson (1903–1983) by Ramsey & Muspratt © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robinson [née Maurice], Joan Violet (1903–1983), economist, was born in Camberley, Surrey, on 31 October 1903, the third child in the family of one son and four daughters of Major-General Sir Frederick Barton Maurice (1871–1951), a professional soldier who later became principal of ...

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William Alexander Robson (1895–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robson, William Alexander (1895–1980), jurist and reformer, was born on 14 July 1895 at Finchley, Middlesex, the first son and youngest of three children of Jack Robson, born Jacob Alexander Isaacs, a dealer in pearls in Hatton Garden, and his wife, Esther Louisa Afriat...