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Abrahams, Sir Lionel Barnett (1869–1919), economist and civil servant, was born in London on 9 December 1869, the only son of Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society. Educated at the City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was an exhibitioner between 1892 and 1896 and won the Arnold historical essay prize in 1894, he headed the ...

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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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Bonar, James (1852–1941), civil servant and economist, was born in the manse at Collace, Perthshire, on 27 September 1852, the elder son and second of the six children of the Revd Andrew Alexander Bonar (1810–1892), a Free Church minister, after whom the politician ...

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Sir Alexander Kirkland Cairncross (1911–1998) by Walter Bird, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cairncross, Sir Alexander Kirkland [Alec] (1911–1998), economist and public servant, was born on 11 February 1911 at Pine Cottage, Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the third of four sons and the seventh of eight children of Alexander Kirkland Cairncross (1865–1947), draper and ironmonger, and his wife, ...

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Chapman, Sir Sydney John (1871–1951), economist and civil servant, was born on 20 April 1871 in Staithe Street, Wells, Norfolk, the second son of David Chapman, a merchant who later became a mortgage and estate agent, and his wife, Maria Wells. David Leonard Chapman...

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Davenant, Charles (1656–1714), government official and political economist, was born in London on 17 November 1656, the eldest son of Sir William Davenant (1606–1668), the poet and playwright, and his third wife, French-born Henrietta Maria du Tremblay (d. 1691). He went to school in ...

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Fleming, (John) Marcus (1911–1976), economist and civil servant, was born on 13 March 1911 at Knockville, Balbardie Road, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, the only child of John Fleming (1866–1962), shoemaker and owner of a shoe shop, and his wife, Helen McNeill McDonald (1884–1963). He was educated at ...

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Flux, Sir Alfred William (1867–1942), economist, statistician, and civil servant, was born in Portsmouth on 8 April 1867, the only son of John Flux, a journeyman cement maker, and his wife, Emily, daughter of Alfred Prince, dairy farmer, of Newport, Isle of Wight...

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Higgs, Henry (1864–1940), civil servant and economist, was born at 17 Fore Street, Torpoint, Antony, Cornwall, on 4 March 1864, the eleventh of thirteen children of Samuel Nicholas Higgs, master butcher, and his wife, Ann Pugh. His humble origins influenced his career choice, for he had to attain sufficient financial security to sustain his parents in their old age. He took full advantage of the meritocratic opportunities offered by a newly reformed ...

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Kalecki, Michał (1899–1970), economist and policy adviser, was born on 22 June 1899 into a Polish-Jewish family in Łódź, now in Poland, then occupied by Russia. He was the only child of Abram Kalecki (d. 1933), the owner of a small cotton mill, and his wife, ...

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Sir (George) Donald Alastair MacDougall (1912–2004) by unknown photographer, 1983 © Photoshot

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MacDougall, Sir (George) Donald Alastair (1912–2004), economist and civil servant, was born at 5 First Avenue, Glasgow, on 26 October 1912, the younger son of Daniel Douglas MacDougall (d. 1929), china merchant, and his wife, Beatrice Amy, née Miller (d. 1954)...

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Maizels, Alfred [Alf] (1917–2006), economist, civil servant, and international civil servant, was born on 17 January 1917 at 100 Newark Street, Whitechapel, London, the third son of Israel Maizels, a master tailor who had immigrated from Poland in 1905, and his wife, Rebecca, ...

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Sir Louis Mallet (1823–1890) by unknown photographer The British Library

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Mallet, Sir Louis (1823–1890), civil servant and economist, was born on 16 March 1823 in Hampstead, Middlesex, the second son of John Lewis Mallet (b. 1775) and his second wife, Frances (d. 1851), sister of John Herman Merivale of Barton Place, Exeter...

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Herman Merivale (1806–1874) by unknown engraver, pubd 1874 (after Dickinson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Leslie Stephen

revised by Donovan Williams

Merivale, Herman (1806–1874), civil servant and economist, was born on 8 November 1806 at Cockwood House, Dawlish, Devon, the eldest of twelve children of John Herman Merivale (1779–1844), commissioner in bankruptcy, and his wife, Louisa Heath (1787–1873), daughter of the Revd Dr Joseph Drury...

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Morris, Corbyn (1710–1779), customs administrator and economist, is a figure about whose origins and early life nothing is known. He was probably the son of Edmund Morris and his wife, Margaret, and baptized at Bishop's Castle, Shropshire, on 19 August 1710. He first attracted notice by the publication in 1741 of ...

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Eric Roll, Baron Roll of Ipsden (1907–2005) by Bernard Lee Schwartz, 1978 © National Portrait Gallery, London