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Abrahams, Sir Lionel Barnett (1869–1919), economist and civil servant, was born in London on 9 December 1869, the only son of Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society. Educated at the City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was an exhibitioner between 1892 and 1896 and won the Arnold historical essay prize in 1894, he headed the ...

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C. E. R. Sherrington

revised by T. A. B. Corley

Acworth, Sir William Mitchell (1850–1925), railway economist, was born at Rothley, Leicestershire, on 22 November 1850, the third son of the Revd William Acworth, vicar of Rothley, and his wife, Margaret Dundas, daughter of Andrew Mitchell of Maulside, Beath, and Blythswood Place, Glasgow...

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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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Allen, George Cyril (1900–1982), economist, was born on 28 June 1900, at 5 Bertie Terrace, Park Road, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, the only child of George Henry Allen (fl. c.1875–1940), a coachman and domestic servant who later became dispatch foreman at the Humber motor works, Coventry...

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Allen, Sir Roy George Douglas (1906–1983), economist, was born on 3 June 1906 at 24 Gladstone Street, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, but grew up in Worcester. He was the elder son of George Henry Allen, a steelworks manager, and his wife, Jessie Callcott Hill. His father was an all-...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Andrews, Philip Walter Sawford (1914–1971), economist, was born at 124 Adelaide Road, Southampton, on 12 March 1914, the son (there was also a daughter) of Frederick Walter Andrews, a railway shunter and later chief traffic inspector at Southampton docks, and his wife, Ethel Alice Sawford...

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Anstey [née Powell], Vera (1889–1976), economist, was born at Ivanhoe, Alders Road, Reigate, Surrey, on 3 January 1889, the second daughter in the family of three daughters and three sons of James Powell, a leather merchant, and his wife, Mary Sophia Higginbotham...

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Armstrong, Wallace Edwin (1896–1980), anthropologist and economist, was born on 24 February 1896 at 2 Deerbrook Road, Norwood, London, the second of three sons of William Wallace Armstrong, a civil servant with the Local Government Board, and his wife, Alice Imeson of Herne Hill, London...

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Ashby, Arthur Wilfred (1886–1953), agricultural economist, was born in the Warwickshire village of Tysoe on 19 August 1886, the eldest of eight children of Joseph Ashby (1859–1919), farmer and surveyor, and his wife and cousin, Hannah Ashby (b. 1861/2). His father was a remarkable man whose life, as told by his daughter, is the classic story of the articulate village leader of the second half of the nineteenth century for whom religion, farming, and politics were the stuff of life. Having left the village school a little before his twelfth birthday, young ...

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Ashley, Sir William James (1860–1927), economic historian, was born at 11 Sun Street, Bermondsey, London, on 25 February 1860. He was the eldest son of James Ashley, a journeyman hatter from Wrexham, Denbighshire, and his wife, Jane (née Short). He was educated at ...

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Ashton, Thomas Southcliffe (1889–1968), economic historian, was born at Ashton under Lyne, Lancashire, on 11 January 1889, the second son and third child of Thomas Ashton, manager of the local Trustee Savings Bank, and his wife, Susan Sutcliffe. From Ashton under Lyne secondary school...

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Thomas Attwood (1783–1856) by Benjamin Robert Haydon, 1832 Birmingham Library Services, on loan to Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery

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Attwood, Thomas (1783–1856), politician and currency theorist, was born on 6 October 1783 at Hawne House, near Halesowen, Shropshire, the third son and fifth child of Matthias Attwood (1746–1836), banker, and his wife, Ann Adams (1752–1835), the daughter of Thomas Adams of Cakemore...

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Atwood, Thomas (d. 1793), judge in Dominica and the Bahamas and writer on economics and history, wrote that he spent several years of his life in Dominica, but his origins, as most of his other biographical details, are unknown. He was chief judge of ...

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Walter Bagehot (1826–1877) by Norman Hirst, pubd 1891 (after Adolphe Beau, 1864) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Bailey, Samuel (bap. 1791, d. 1870), economist and philosopher, was baptized on 8 July 1791 at St Peter's Church (later the cathedral), Sheffield, the second son and fifth of the eleven children of Joseph Bailey, of Burngreave, and Mary Eaden. His father, originally an artisan, had become wealthy in the cutlery business (he was master cutler in 1801) and as a merchant. ...

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Balogh, Thomas, Baron Balogh (1905–1985), political economist, was born in Budapest, Hungary, on 2 November 1905, the elder son and elder child of Emil Balogh, director of the transport board, Budapest, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Professor Bernard Levy, of Berlin and ...