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Aiton, William Townsend (1766–1849), horticulturist, was born at 199 Kew Road, Kew, Surrey, on 2 February 1766, the elder son of the horticulturist William Aiton (1731–1793) and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1740–1826), whose maiden name was possibly Townsend. He was educated privately in ...

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Amherst [formerly Tyssen-Amherst], Alicia Margaret [married name Alicia Margaret Cecil, Lady Rockley] (1865–1941), garden historian, was born on 30 July 1865 at Didlington Hall, Didlington, near Mundford, Norfolk, fifth of the seven children (all daughters) of William Amhurst Tyssen-Amherst (1835–1909), landowner, and his wife, ...

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by William T. Stearn

Bateman, James (1812–1897), horticulturist and botanist, was born on 18 July 1812 at Redivals, near Bury in Lancashire, the only child of John Bateman (1782–1858), banker, ironfounder, and manufacturer, of Knypersley Hall in Staffordshire and Tolson Hall in Westmorland, and his wife, Elizabeth (...

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Blackburne, John (bap. 1694, d. 1786), horticulturist, baptized on 13 September 1694 at Warrington parish church, was born at Orford Old Hall, near Warrington where his father, Jonathan Blackburne (1646–1724), owned a country estate. His mother was the widowed Anne Lockwood, née Chilton (1655×7–1732)...

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Blackstone, William (bap. 1596?, d. 1675), settler in America and horticulturist, was born to unknown parents. It has been asserted that he was baptized on 5 March 1595 at Whickham in co. Durham, the son of John Blackstone and his wife, Agnes (...

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Bobart [Bobert], Jacob, the elder (c. 1599–1680), botanist and gardener, was born at Brunswick. After a period as a soldier, during which he added a working knowledge of English and Latin to his native tongue, he settled in Oxford, possibly as an innkeeper, before being appointed superintendent of the university's new physic garden, apparently shortly before 1641, by its founder, the ...

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Edward Augustus Bowles (1865–1954) by unknown photographer Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library

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Bowles, Edward Augustus [Gussie] (1865–1954), horticulturist and watercolour painter, was born on 14 May 1865 at Myddelton House, Bull's Cross, Enfield, Middlesex, the fourth of five children of Henry Carrington Bowles Bowles (formerly Treacher; 1830–1918), a landowner and governor of the New River Company...

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Brailsford, Mary Ann (bap. 1791, d. 1852), originator of the Bramley's Seedling apple, was baptized at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, on 20 May 1791, the eldest daughter of Charles Brailsford (d. 1812) and his wife, Elizabeth Dickinson (d. 1837). In 1809 the family moved to ...

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Caparne [formerly Caparn], William John (1855–1940), artist and horticulturist, was born in Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, on 17 November 1855, the eldest child of William Horner Caparn, an organist and music teacher, and his wife, Sophia (b. 1839/40), the daughter of William Warwick...

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Champion, John George (1815–1854), collector of plants and insects, was born on 5 May 1815 at Edinburgh, the eldest son of Major John Carey Champion (d. 1825) of the 21st Royal North Britain fusiliers, and Elizabeth Herries, daughter of William Urquhart of ...

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Cooke, Edward William (1811–1880), marine artist and gardener, was born on 27 March 1811 in Chapel Street, Pentonville, London, the second of the eleven children of George Cooke (1781–1834) [see under Cooke family], engraver and print publisher, and his wife, Elizabeth Harriet Eglinton (1785–1882)...

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D'Ombrain, Henry Honywood (1818–1905), Church of England clergyman and gardener, was born in Ebury Street, Pimlico, London, on 10 May 1818, the son of Admiral Sir James D'Ombrain (1793–1871), inspector-general of the Coast Guard in Ireland from 1819 to 1849, for which he was knighted in 1844, and his wife, ...

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Drake, Sarah Anne (1803–1857), botanical artist, was born in Skeyton, Norfolk, on 24 July 1803, the daughter of John Drake, farmer, and his wife, Sarah, née Forman (or Freman). She grew up in Norfolk, where she formed a friendship with Anne Lindley, the sister of ...

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(Maria) Theresa Earle (1836–1925) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Earle [née Villiers], (Maria) Theresa [known as Mrs C. W. Earle] (1836–1925), horticulturist, was born at 45 Cambridge Terrace, London, on 8 June 1836, the eldest daughter of Edward Ernest Villiers (1806–1843), younger brother of the fourth earl of Clarendon, and his wife, ...

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Ellacombe, Henry Nicholson (1822–1916), Church of England clergyman and gardener, was born at the vicarage, Bitton, Gloucestershire, on 18 February 1822, the only son among the six children of Henry Thomas Ellacombe (1790–1885), vicar of Bitton, and his first wife, Ann, née Nicholson (...

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Fairchild, Thomas (1667–1729), gardener, was born about May 1667, the son of John Fairchild of Alwine, or Allane, Wiltshire, farmer. He was apprenticed to a clothmaker in 1682, but decided to become a gardener, and established himself about 1690 as a nurseryman and florist at ...

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Margery Fish (1892–1969) by Valerie Finnis, 1960s © Valerie Finnis/National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fish [née Townshend], Margery (1892–1969), gardener and author, was born at 16 Eastbank, Stamford Hill, London, on 5 August 1892, the second of the four daughters of Ernest Townshend (d. 1926), City of London commercial traveller in tea, and his wife, ...