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Backhouse family (per. c. 1770–1945), naturalists and horticulturists, came to prominence with James [i] Backhouse (1721–1798), who founded the Backhouse Bank in Darlington, co. Durham, in 1774 with his sons Jonathan (1747–1826) and James [ii] (1757–1804). It was Jonathan Backhouse who initiated the family's connection with horticulture, by following the mid-eighteenth-century fashion for large-scale tree planting on his estates at ...

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Robert Ormston Backhouse 1854–1940 by Vivian Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Alan Herbert Vauser Bloom (1906–2005) by Tessa Traeger, 2000 © Tessa Traeger / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bloom, Alan Herbert Vauser (1906–2005), horticulturist, was born on 19 November 1906 in Over, near Swavesey, Cambridgeshire, the son of Charles Herbert Bloom, grocer and draper, and later market gardener, and his wife, Katherine Annie Jane, née Whitworth. His father's family is thought to have been descended from Huguenots who had come to ...

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Doubleday, Henry (1810–1902), starch manufacturer and horticulturist, was born on 24 October 1810 at Coggeshall, Essex, the fourth of eight children of William Doubleday (1777–1854) and his wife, Hannah Corder (1779–1819). His parents, staunch Quakers, were shopkeepers. A number of their ancestors had sailed with ...

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Hanbury, Sir Thomas (1832–1907), merchant and gardener, was born at Bedford Road, Clapham, Surrey, on 21 June 1832, the third of five surviving sons and one daughter of Daniel Bell Hanbury (1794–1882), pharmaceutical chemist, and his wife, Rachel, née Christy (1802/3–1876). Daniel Hanbury (1825–1875)...

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Harkness, Robert Beagarie (1951–2012), rose breeder, was born on 29 June 1951 at Hitchin Hospital, the second of three children and elder son of John Leigh (Jack) Harkness (1918–1994), rose breeder, and his wife, Betty Catherine, née Moore. At the time of his birth registration the family lived at ...

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Maddock, James (1718–1786), nurseryman and florist, was born on 10 August 1718, at Eaton, Cheshire, the son of Mordecai and Sarah Maddock, active members of the Religious Society of Friends. Maddock made his reputation as a nurseryman first in Lancashire, at Warrington, but after a period working in ...

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Robinson, Elihu (1734–1809), meteorologist and horticulturist, was born on 21 October 1734 at Kirby, near Cockermouth, Cumberland, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Robinson of Kirby. After his marriage to Ruth Mark of Bowscale on 5 July 1757, the couple lived at Eaglesfield, Cumberland...

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by Anita McConnell

Warner, John (bap. 1673, d. 1760), horticulturist, was baptized on 11 January 1673 at St Giles Cripplegate in the City of London, the son of James and Mary Warner. He was eminent for his skill in growing fruit. In business as a merchant, he lived in ...