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See Backhouse family

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See Backhouse family

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by William T. Stearn

Bateman, James (1812–1897), horticulturist and botanist, was born on 18 July 1812 at Redivals, near Bury in Lancashire, the only child of John Bateman (1782–1858), banker, ironfounder, and manufacturer, of Knypersley Hall in Staffordshire and Tolson Hall in Westmorland, and his wife, Elizabeth (...

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Bobart [Bobert], Jacob, the elder (c. 1599–1680), botanist and gardener, was born at Brunswick. After a period as a soldier, during which he added a working knowledge of English and Latin to his native tongue, he settled in Oxford, possibly as an innkeeper, before being appointed superintendent of the university's new physic garden, apparently shortly before 1641, by its founder, the ...

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Bowie, James (c. 1789–1869), gardener and botanist, was born in London, son of an Oxford Street seedsman. From 1810 he was employed at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In 1814 he was chosen by Sir Joseph Banks, with Allan Cunningham, to collect plants for ...

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Don, George (1798–1856), botanist and plant collector, was born at Doo Hillock, Forfarshire, Scotland, on 17 May 1798, the eldest of the five sons of George Don (1764–1814), clockmaker turned nurseryman, who discovered many highland plants new to Scotland, and principal gardener (1802–6) at the ...

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Donn, James (1758–1813), botanist and gardener, was born in Perthshire. He began his horticultural training under William Aiton at Kew, and was appointed curator of the university botanic garden in Cambridge in 1794, in which post he remained until his death in 1813. His name is associated with a remarkable publication, ...

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Drummond, James (bap. 1787, d. 1863), botanist and collector, was born in Inverarity, Scotland and baptized there on 8 January 1787. He was the elder son of Thomas Drummond, gardener; his younger brother, Thomas Drummond, became a collector of North American plants. Little is known of ...

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Gilmour, John Scott Lennox (1906–1986), botanist and horticulturist, was born on 28 September 1906 at 1 St John's Wood Road, London, the youngest in the family of one daughter and three sons of Thomas Lennox Gilmour, Edinburgh lawyer, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of ...

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See Gray, Samuel

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B. D. Jackson

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Grigor, James (c. 1811–1848), nurseryman and botanist, lived and worked in Old Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk. He was the author of the Eastern Arboretum, or, Register of Remarkable Trees, Seats, Gardens … in the County of Norfolk (1841), illustrated with fifty etched plates, issued in fifteen numbers. In the preface ...

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Henry, Augustine (1857–1930), botanical collector and dendrologist, was born on 2 July 1857 in Dundee, the first of six children of Bernard Henry (c.1825–1891) and Mary MacNamee. His father, at one time a gold-prospector in California and Australia, was a native of the townland of ...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by P. E. Kell

Knowlton, Thomas (1691–1781), gardener and botanist, was born at Chislehurst, Kent, and baptized there on 6 September 1691, the eldest of the five sons of William Knowlton and Ann Stokes. Little is known of his early life. In 1720 he was employed as a gardener by ...

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Lindley, John (1799–1865), botanist and horticulturist, was born on 5 February 1799 at Catton, near Norwich, the first of the four children of George Lindley (c.1769–1835), a nurseryman of Yorkshire extraction, and his wife, Mary (née Moore). He was educated under ...

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Ludlow, Frank (1885–1972), traveller, was born at 24 Queens Road, Chelsea, London, on 10 August 1885, the son of Walter Ludlow, grocer, and his wife, Ellen Elizabeth, née Crouch. About 1890 the family moved to Dunster, Somerset, where his father was a freemason and churchwarden. ...

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Lynch, Richard Irwin (1850–1924), horticulturist and botanist, was born at St Germans, Cornwall, on 1 June 1850, the eldest of four sons and a daughter of Richard Lynch (1818–1900), head gardener to the earl of St Germans at Port Elliot, Cornwall, and his wife, ...

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G. S. Boulger

revised by William T. Stearn

Masters, Maxwell Tylden (1833–1907), botanist and journal editor, was born at Canterbury, Kent, on 15 April 1833. He was the youngest son of William Masters (1796–1874), a nurseryman and hybridizer of plants. William Masters was also the compiler of a valuable catalogue, Hortus Duroverni...

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Maund, Benjamin (bap. 1790, d. 1864), botanist and horticulturist, was born at Terrills in Tenbury, Worcestershire, and baptized on 7 November 1790, the middle son of Owen Maund (c.1753–1813), a farmer, and his wife, Mary (c.1761–1848). His published works testify to his having had some formal education before he was apprenticed, on 5 December 1806, to ...

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McNab, James (1810–1878), horticulturist and botanist, was born at Richmond, Surrey, on 25 April 1810, the eldest son and second of nine children of William McNab (1780–1848), foreman at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Whiteman (1777/8–1844). Shortly after his birth the family moved to ...

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Monson [née Vane; other married name Hope-Vere], Lady Anne (c. 1727–1776), botanist and collector of plants and insects, was the eldest daughter of Henry Vane, first earl of Darlington (c.1705–1758), and his wife, Lady Grace Fitzroy (1697–1763); she was thus a great-granddaughter of ...