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Banks, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1627, d. 1699), merchant and financier, was baptized at the parish church of All Saints, Maidstone, Kent, on 19 August 1627. He was the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Caleb Banks of ...

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Barnett Isaacs Barnato (1852–1897) by Warren © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Blunt, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1665, d. 1733), financier and a founder of the South Sea Company, son of Thomas Blunt, a Baptist shoemaker of Rochester, Kent, and Isabella, daughter of Thomas Blacke, yeoman, was baptized at St Nicholas's Church, Rochester, on 24 July 1665. He became free of the ...

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Chiriton, Walter (fl. 1340–1358), merchant and financier, was probably a member of a family of small landowners in Warwickshire, bearing a name derived from Cherrington in that county—he held a life interest in the manor of Weston by Cherrington for a while in the 1340s. He attained national prominence, however, as a wool merchant involved in international trade. In 1340 he is recorded as a merchant who had bought substantial quantities of the king's wool (that is, wool which had come into the king's possession as a result of parliamentary grant), and who was exporting it to ...

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Courten, Sir William (c. 1568–1636), merchant and financier, was born in London, the son of William Courten, a merchant, and his wife, Margaret Casiere. His parents were religious refugees who fled from Leye in Flanders during 1568. His father set up a textile business in ...

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Cradock, Matthew (c. 1590–1641), merchant and colonial investor, was the second son of Matthew Cradock, rector of Hasguard, Pembrokeshire, and his wife, Dorothy Greenway, of Berkshire. The Cradocks were a prominent Staffordshire family and had made their fortune in the wool trade, while ...

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Lionel Cranfield, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645) by Daniel Mytens, 1620 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Sir John Cutler (1607/88–1693) by Arnold Quellin, c. 1683 Guildhall Art Gallery, Corporation of London

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

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Dick, Sir William, of Braid (d. 1655), merchant and financier, was the only son of John Dick, proprietor in Orkney and an Edinburgh town councillor in 1592–3. Nothing is known of his early life. On 15 June 1603 he married Elizabeth, sister of the wealthy ...

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Eyles, Sir Francis, first baronet (c. 1650–1716), merchant and financier, was the son of John Eyles (d. 1662), wool-stapler and mercer of Devizes, and his wife, Mary (d. c.1666). He was the younger brother of Sir John Eyles. On 26 May 1669 he was apprenticed to ...

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Eyles, Sir John (d. 1703), merchant and financier, was the first son of John Eyles (d. 1662), a mercer and wool-stapler with a shop in Devizes from 1640 onwards, and his wife, Mary (d. c.1666). Eyles chose to pursue a career in ...

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Fockart, Janet (d. 1596), merchant and moneylender, was probably descended from the Fockarts found as Edinburgh burgesses from the fifteenth century, who may themselves have been descended from the Fockarts of Lesmahagow parish, Lanarkshire. Having outlived three husbands, Janet became a well-known figure in the merchant community of late sixteenth-century ...

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Goldsmid, Abraham (c. 1756–1810), merchant and financier, was born in the Netherlands about 1756, the youngest son in the family of four sons and three daughters of Aaron Goldsmid (d. 1782), a merchant, and his wife, Catherine de Vries. His father migrated from ...

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See Goldsmid, Abraham

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See Heath, John Benjamin

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D. W. Jones

revised by Anita McConnell

Herne, Sir Joseph (bap. 1639, d. 1699), merchant and financier, was born in London and baptized on 17 April 1639, the eighth son of Nicholas Herne, a merchant tailor, and the fourth son of Susan, his second wife. His early career is obscure, but in 1671 he became a freeman of the ...

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Hoste, Dirick (c. 1588–1663), merchant and financier, was born in Middelburg, Netherlands, the son of Jacques Hoste (b. 1545), a merchant, and his wife, Barbara Henricksen. His father and grandfather had fled Oudenarde in Flanders for religious reasons in the wake of the ‘Wonderyear’ of 1566—the failed protestant insurrection in the ...