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Aikman, George (1830–1905), painter and engraver, was born in Warriston Close, off the High Street, Edinburgh, on 20 May 1830, the ninth child of George Aikman, engraver, and Alison Mackay (d. in or before 1859), his wife. His father had been an engraver for ...

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Timothy Clayton and Anita McConnell

Alken family (per. 1745–1894), engravers and painters, may have originated in Denmark, perhaps from the village of Alken in north Jutland. According to family tradition they moved to England to escape the political disturbances during the reign of King Christian VII. However, the first representative to reach ...

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Andrews, Henry Charles (fl. 1794–1830), botanical artist and engraver, is an elusive figure; little is known of his family background or education. He presumably received some artistic training before the mid-1790s, for his earliest engravings of plants are dated 1794; he may have been the ...

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Lady Mabel Marguerite Annesley (1881–1959) by Lafayette, 1898 [detail] V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Annesley, Lady Mabel Marguerite (1881–1959), wood-engraver and watercolour painter, was born on 25 February 1881, at Annesley Lodge, Regent's Park, London, the daughter of Hugh Annesley, fifth Earl Annesley (1831–1908), lieutenant-colonel in the Scots Fusilier Guards and landowner, and his wife, Mabel Wilhelmina Frances Markham, ...

Article

Atkinson, John Augustus (1774x6–1830), painter and engraver, is of unknown parentage. He was taken as a boy aged eight or nine to St Petersburg by the mezzotint engraver James Walker, who may have been his uncle and who had accepted a post at the court of ...

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Robert Sargent Austin (1895–1973) self-portrait, 1921 [Portrait of the Artist] © Copyright The British Museum

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Austin, Robert Sargent (1895–1973), engraver and watercolour painter, was born on 23 June 1895 at 14 Magazine Square, Leicester, the eldest of the three children of Robert Austin, a cabinet-maker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Smith. Encouraged by his father, after leaving Lansdowne Road school...

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Beaumont, Jean François Albanis (1755–1812), engraver and landscape painter, may have been a son of, or related to, the Piedmontese artist Claudio Francesco Beaumont (1694–1766). He was born at Chambéry, entered the engineering school at Mezières, and in 1775 joined the Sardinian army as an engineer. At this time Sardinian territory extended into what is now ...

Article

R. E. Graves

revised by Nicholas Grindle

Bellers, William (fl. 1752–1773), landscape painter and engraver, was probably the son of a William Bellers (b. 1703?) who matriculated at the University of Oxford on 9 April 1734 as 'illuminator' and 'privilegiatus', the first epithet referring to his profession as a limner or painter. ...

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Benazech, Peter Paul (1730?–1798), engraver and watercolour painter, is said to have been born in England. In 1746 he was apprenticed to the landscape engraver Francis Vivares for £20, and he continued to work for Vivares after the expiration of his apprenticeship, producing, for instance, two views of ...

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Bentley, Joseph Clayton (1809–1851), engraver and painter, was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, the third son and fifth child of Greenwood Bentley (1777–1858), a well-known Bradford solicitor, and Jane, the daughter of Robert Stockdale, gentleman, of West Marton, Skipton, Yorkshire. He began his artistic career as a landscape painter, and was a founder member of the ...

Article

Bettes, John, the elder (d. in or before 1570), portrait painter and wood-engraver, of whose parents nothing is known, was first recorded as carrying out decorative work for Henry VIII at Whitehall Palace, London, in 1531–3. A portrait of an Unknown Man in a Black Cap...

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Bockman, Gerhard (1686–1773), portrait painter and engraver, is believed to have been born in the Netherlands, at Amsterdam. He worked in Britain from at least 1711 until his death, painting and copying portraits, and engraving portraits in mezzotint after both his own work and that of others. Notable among his own works are a life-size, half-length portrait, ...

Article

L. A. Fagan

revised by Martyn Anglesea

Boyne, John (1750s–1810), watercolour painter and engraver, was born in co. Down, Ireland. His father was originally a joiner by trade, but afterwards held an appointment in the victualling office at Deptford for many years. Boyne was brought to England when about nine years old, and subsequently articled (...

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Branwhite, Nathan Cooper (1774/5–1857), miniature painter and engraver, was born in St Albans, Hertfordshire, the eldest son of Peregrine Branwhite (bap. 1745, d. c. 1795), minor poet and shopkeeper of Lavenham, Suffolk. He trained as an engraver under Isaac Taylor, an engraver and draughtsman, but became established as a miniaturist working in watercolour on ivory, exhibiting thirteen miniatures at the ...

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Briscoe, Arthur John Reginald Trevor (1873–1943), engraver and marine artist, was born on 25 February 1873 at Mount Pleasant, Oxton, Birkenhead, Cheshire, the eldest son of John Briscoe (d. 1893), a prominent Liverpool businessman and senior partner in the cotton-broking firm of ...

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Burford, Thomas (b. c. 1710, d. in or after 1776), engraver and painter, was born about 1710. He seems to have been trained as both a painter and a mezzotint engraver, as his earliest known works, dating from 1741, include a portrait of ...

Article

W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Jennifer Melville

Burnet, John (1784–1868), painter, engraver, and writer on art, was born in Musselburgh, Edinburghshire, on 20 March 1784, the elder son of George Burnet, surveyor-general of excise for Scotland, and his wife, Anne Cruikshank. His younger brother was the landscape artist James M. Burnet...

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Timothy Clayton and Anita McConnell

Byrne family (per. 1765–1849), engravers and painters, came to prominence with William Byrne (1743–1805), landscape engraver, who was born in London but studied for some time under his uncle, an engraver of arms in Birmingham, and, it is said, under F. G. Aliamet...