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Basire, Isaac (1704–1768), printmaker and draughtsman, was the son of James Basire of St James's, Westminster, who was thought to have been of Huguenot origin. Isaac was the progenitor of four generations of the Basire family to be noted as printmakers from the early eighteenth century to 1869. He was apprenticed to the silver-engraver ...

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Andrew Bell (1725/66–1809) by George Watson Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Bell, Andrew (1725/6–1809), engraver and publisher, was probably born in Edinburgh, the son of John Bell, a baker. He was apprenticed to Richard Cooper the elder and began his career modestly as an engraver of letters, names, and crests on plates and dog collars. One of his customers was the ...

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William Blake (1757–1827) by Thomas Phillips, 1807 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blake, William (1757–1827), engraver, artist, and poet, was born on 28 November 1757 at 28 Broad Street, Soho, London, the third son of James Blake (1723?–1784), a hosier, and his wife, Catherine, née Wright (1723–1792), the widow of Thomas Armitage. Blake had four brothers, ...

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Ernest Radford

revised by Helen Pierce

Bry, Theodore de [Dirk de Brij] (1528–1598), engraver, was born at Liège, at that time an independent state controlled by prince-bishops. He came from a family of engravers active in the Low Countries and Germany. By 1570 he had left the city as a protestant refugee and in 1589 was living at ...

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Susanna Avery-Quash

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Susanna Avery-Quash

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Chatelain [Chatelaine], John-Baptist Claude (1710–1758), printmaker and topographical draughtsman, was probably born in London in 1710, the son of French Huguenot parents by the name of Phillippe—he is thought to have assumed the surname Chatelain later in life. Nothing is known of his parents, early life, or training, and uncertainties persist about the date and location of his birth. Early biographies suggest that he was born in ...

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Daniell, Thomas (1749–1840), landscape painter and printmaker, was born at Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, the son of John Sheppard Daniell, innkeeper of The Swan at Chertsey. From 1763 to 1770 he was apprenticed to a Mr Maxwell as a coach builder and spent the following three years at ...

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Dixon, John (c. 1740–1811), engraver, the fourth son of Thomas Dixon (d. 1758), a hosier, of Cork Hill, Dublin, was born about 1740, probably in Dublin. He trained at the drawing school of the Dublin Society and possibly then worked for his brother ...

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Fourdrinier, Paul (1698–1758), engraver and printseller, was born in Groningen in the Netherlands, the son of Jacques Fourdrinier and his wife, Jeanne Theroude, Huguenot refugees from Dieppe, Normandy. In the Dictionary of National Biography his works and career were assigned to two individuals, ...

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L. H. Cust

revised by Tessa Murdoch

Fournier, Daniel (c. 1711–c. 1766), engraver and printmaker, was probably a member of a French protestant refugee family; he may possibly be linked with Daniel Fournier, the son of Nicholas Fournier and Madeleine Rossignol, who is recorded in Friedrichsdorf in Germany in 1711. Trained as a chaser, he practised that craft until at least 1748, but then turned to printmaking. An etched self-portrait bears the inscription '...

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Gribelin, Simon (1662–1733), printmaker and metal-engraver, was born in Blois, France, the son of Jacob Gribelin, who was recorded as still living in Blois in 1691. The family was one of watchmakers and engravers. Gribelin moved to England about 1680, presumably anticipating the revocation of the edict of Nantes, and he appears to have remained close to the Huguenot community in ...

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L. H. Cust

revised by Anne Crookshank

Grogan, Nathaniel (1739/40–1807), painter and etcher, was born in Cork, the son of a wood-turner and block maker to whom he was initially apprenticed. As an artist he was encouraged by John Butts (who also helped the painter James Barry) but was largely self-taught through copying engravings after Dutch masters. A surviving drawing after ...