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Aken, Joseph van (c. 1699–1749), drapery painter and painter of genre and conversation pieces, was born probably in Antwerp, where he first practised as a painter. The title to a mezzotint of him by John Faber after Thomas Hudson gives his name as ...

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Duncan Macmillan

Allan, David (1744–1796), portrait and genre painter, was born at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, on 13 February 1744, the son of David Allan, shoremaster, and Janet Gullan. Allan, who was born prematurely, seems to have been asthmatic and never enjoyed good health. He showed an early proclivity to art, and was dismissed from school for caricaturing his teacher. At eleven, on 23 February 1755, he was apprenticed to the ...

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David Allan (1744–1796) self-portrait, 1770 in the collection of the Royal Scottish Academy, on loan to the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Backhouse [née Holden], Margaret (bap. 1818, d. 1896), portrait and genre painter, one of several children of the Revd Henry Augustus Holden (1785–1870) and his wife, Mary Willetts (1790/91–1869), was born at Summer Hill, near Birmingham, and baptized on 28 September 1818 at ...

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Barker, Thomas Jones (1813–1882), war and portrait painter, was born on 19 April 1813 at Bath, Somerset, the eldest son and fifth child of Thomas Barker (1767–1847) of Bath, painter and lithographer, and his wife, Priscilla, née Jones. Educated at Heckingham College, he was taught to paint by his father. From 1834 he studied in ...

Article

Walter Hepworth

revised by Emily M. Weeks

Bowness, William (1809–1867), portrait and genre painter, was born at Kendal, Westmorland. He was self-taught, and after some practice in his native town, he went to London about 1829 and met with moderate success as a portrait and figure painter. He exhibited at the ...

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Margaret Sarah Carpenter (1793–1872) self-portrait, 1817 © Copyright The British Museum

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Carpenter [née Geddes], Margaret Sarah (1793–1872), portrait and genre painter, was born on 1 February 1793 at Salisbury, Wiltshire, where she was baptized at St Thomas's Church on 7 June 1793, the second of six children of Alexander Geddes (1763–1843), retired army officer, and his wife, ...

Article

R. E. Graves

revised by Joanna Soden

Crawford, William (1822–1869), portrait and genre painter, was born at Ayr on 9 August 1822, the second son of Archibald Crawfurd or Crawford (1784–1843), poet and auctioneer, the author of such popular lyrics as 'Bonnie Mary Hay', and his wife, Catherine or Catharine Craig...

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Crowley, Nicholas Joseph (1819–1857), genre and portrait painter, was born on 6 December 1819 in Dublin, the son of Peter Crowley. He began his training at the art school of the Royal Dublin Society at the age of eight, and then moved to the ...

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Dicksee, Sir Francis Bernard (1853–1928), historical genre and portrait painter, was born in London on 27 November 1853. He was the elder son of the painter and illustrator Thomas Francis Dicksee (1819–1895) and his wife, Eliza, the daughter of John Bernard, of Church Place, Piccadilly, London...

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Fildes, Sir (Samuel) Luke (1843–1927), illustrator and genre and portrait painter, was born on 18 October 1843 at 22 Standish Street, Liverpool, the fourth of the ten children of James Fildes (c.1813–1858) of Manchester, mariner and shipping agent, and his wife, ...

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Sir (Samuel) Luke Fildes (1843–1927) self-portrait, 1911 © Royal Academy of Arts, London; photographer John Hammond

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Gibb, Robert (1845–1932), historical genre and portrait painter, was born in a small cottage in James Street, Lauriston, near Falkirk, on 28 October 1845, the fifth son of David Gibb, journeyman joiner, and his wife, Christian, née Morrison. The landscape painter William Gibb (1839–1929)...

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Sir Francis Grant (1803–1878) self-portrait, c. 1845 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Grant, Sir Francis (1803–1878), portrait and sporting painter, was born on 18 January 1803 in Edinburgh, the fourth of seven children of Francis Grant (d. 1819), laird of Kilgraston, Perthshire, a landowner with estates in Scotland and Jamaica, and his wife, Anne Oliphant...

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Howe, James (1780–1836), animal and portrait painter, was born on 30 August 1780 at Skirling in Peeblesshire, the second of four children of William Howe (d. 1796), a parish minister, and his second wife. Howe attended the parish school and developed an interest in art at an early age. He was sent in 1795 to ...

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Thomas Musgrave Joy (1812–1866) self-portrait, c. 1839 © National Portrait Gallery, London / Country Life Picture Library

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Joy, Thomas Musgrave [Thomas Musgrove] (1812–1866), genre and portrait painter, born on 9 July 1812 at Boughton Hall, Boughton Monchelsea, near Maidstone, Kent, was the only son of the local squire, Thomas Joy, and his wife, Susanah Tomkin. Although at first discouraged in his early predilection for art, he was sent to ...

Article

Lehmann, (Wilhelm Augustus) Rudolf (1819–1905), portrait and genre painter, was born on 19 August 1819 in Ottensen, near Hamburg, Germany, the fourth of seven children of Leo Lehmann (1782–1852), a miniature painter, and his wife, Friederike Dellevie (1792–1884). Following a lacklustre education at the ...