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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Berchet, Peter [Pierre] (1659–1720), painter, was born in France and trained with the artist Charles de Lafosse. From the age of eighteen he was employed at the French court. He went to England in 1682 with the French architectural painter Jacob Rambour (...

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Clausen, Sir George (1852–1944), painter, was born at 8 William Street, Regent's Park, London, on 18 April 1852, the second son of Jurgen Johnsen Clausen (1821–1911), a decorative painter of Danish extraction, and his Scottish wife, Elizabeth Fillan. In 1867, after attending St Mark's School, Chelsea...

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Clein [Cleyn], Francis [formerly Franz Klein] (d. 1658), painter and tapestry designer, was born at Rostock in Germany, possibly the son of a goldsmith, Hans Klein. Apart from date of birth and parentage, Clein's life up to 1642–3, when details seem to have been obtained from ...

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Cruikshank [Crookshanks], Isaac (1764–1811), caricaturist and painter, born on 5 October 1764 in the Canongate, Edinburgh, and baptized in the parish on 14 October, was the fifth child and third son of Andrew Crookshanks (c.1725–c.1783) and Elizabeth (b...

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Durno, James (1755/6–1795), history painter and copyist, was born in England to a Scottish father, the proprietor of a brewery at Kensington Gravel Pits. According to the archives of San Giovanni in Laterano in Rome, he was twenty-two in 1777. He was trained by ...

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Fryer, Leonard (d. 1605), painter, whose date of birth, parentage, and place of training are unknown, was first recorded as painter to the navy in 1597. He was appointed sergeant-painter for life to Elizabeth I on 12 June 1598 at £10 p.a. with the privileges that attached to the post. From 6 May 1605 he shared this office with ...

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Furse, Charles Wellington (1868–1904), painter, born at Staines, Middlesex, on 13 January 1868, was the fourth son of Charles Wellington Furse (1821–1900), vicar of Staines, principal of Ripon Clergy College (1873–83), rector of St John the Evangelist, Westminster, and canon of Westminster (1883–94), and from 1894 to his death in 1900 canon and archdeacon of ...

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Fuseli, Henry [formerly Johann Heinrich Füssli] (1741–1825), painter and writer, was born Johann Heinrich Füssli at Zürich, Switzerland, on 6 February 1741, although he later regularly mis-stated his true birth date. He was baptized on 7 February 1741 at the Grossmünster, Zürich...

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Henry Fuseli (1741–1825) self-portrait, c. 1780 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Gheeraerts, Marcus, the younger (1561/2–1636), painter, came as a boy to London from his birthplace Bruges in 1568 with his protestant father, the painter Marcus Gheeraerts the elder (b. c. 1520/21, d. in or after 1586). They were escaping the religious persecutions of the ...

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Marcus Gheeraerts the younger (1561/22–1636) by Wenceslaus Hollar, 1644 (after self-portrait, 1627) The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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L. H. Cust

revised by Anne Crookshank

Grogan, Nathaniel (1739/40–1807), painter and etcher, was born in Cork, the son of a wood-turner and block maker to whom he was initially apprenticed. As an artist he was encouraged by John Butts (who also helped the painter James Barry) but was largely self-taught through copying engravings after Dutch masters. A surviving drawing after ...

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Head, Guy (bap. 1760, d. 1800), painter, was baptized in Carlisle on 4 June 1760, the second son of Thomas Head, a butcher, and his wife, Isabella. He studied drawing in Carlisle under J. B. Gilpin (father of the painter Sawrey Gilpin) before enrolling at the ...

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Heere, Lucas de (1534–1584), painter and poet, was born in Ghent, the second son of Jan de Heere, a sculptor, and Anna Smijters, a miniaturist. Having presumably received some training at home, he was apprenticed to Frans Floris. The painter and biographer Karel van Mander...

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Hugford, Ignazio Enrico (1702/3–1778), painter and picture collector and dealer, was born in Pisa, the son of Ignazio Hugford (b. c.1675), an English Catholic clockmaker who had emigrated to Tuscany, and his wife, Bridget Radcliffe. He studied painting with Antonio Domenico Gabbiani...

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Gwendolen Mary John (1876–1939) self-portrait, c. 1900 © Estate of Gwen John 2004. All rights reserved, DACS; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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John, Gwendolen Mary [Gwen] (1876–1939), painter, was born on 22 June 1876 at 7 Victoria Place, Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, the elder daughter and the second of the four children of Edwin William John (1847–1938), solicitor, and his wife, Augusta Smith (1848–1884), an amateur artist and daughter of ...

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Ketel, Cornelis Govertszoon (1548–1616), painter and poet, was born in Gouda in the Netherlands on 18 March 1548. He was the illegitimate son of Elysabeth Jacobsdochter Ketel (d. 1582) and Govert Janszoon van Proyen (d. 1574), who was related to the ...

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Knijff, Leendert [known as Leonard Knyff] (1650–1722), painter, was born at Haarlem, Netherlands, on 10 August 1650, where he was baptized four days later. His mother was Lydia Leenderts of Delft, the widow of Jacob Bas of Haarlem; his father was Wouter Knijff (...