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Bird, Edward (1772–1819), genre and history painter, was born in Cat Yard, Berry Street, Wolverhampton, on 12 April 1772 and baptized there the same day, one of the many children of a local carpenter (d. c.1810). After attending the free grammar school he was apprenticed at the age of thirteen as a japanning artist to the firm of ...

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Calderon, Philip Hermogenes (1833–1898), historical genre painter, was born on 3 May 1833 in Poitiers, France. His mother, Margueritte Chapelle, was French and his father, the Revd Juan Calderón, was Spanish, from the area of La Mancha, and was descended from the famous playwright ...

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L. H. Cust

revised by Deborah Graham-Vernon

Casanova, Francesco (bap. 1727, d. 1803), battle and equestrian painter, was born in London, where he was baptized on 7 June 1727, one of six sons of the travelling Venetian actors Gaetano Giuseppe Casanova (d. 1733) and Giovanna Zanetta Farussi. His brothers included the infamous adventurer ...

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Clay, Alfred Borron (1831–1868), historical genre painter, was born on 3 June 1831 at Walton-le-Dale, near Preston, Lancashire, the second son of John Clay (1796–1858), chaplain of Preston gaol, and his wife, Henrietta Fielding (d. 1858). He was educated at the grammar school in ...

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Cooper, Abraham (1787–1868), battle and animal painter, was born on 8 September 1787 at Red Lion Street, Holborn, London. His father was a tobacconist and later became an innkeeper at Holloway and for a time at Edmonton, but with little financial success. Cooper...

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Cross, John (1819–1861), historical genre painter, was born at Tiverton, Devon, on 29 May 1819, the son of John Cross and his wife, Elizabeth. His father, foreman in Heathcoat's lace manufactory, moved the family to France when he became superintendent of a branch manufactory at ...

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Dicksee, Sir Francis Bernard (1853–1928), historical genre and portrait painter, was born in London on 27 November 1853. He was the elder son of the painter and illustrator Thomas Francis Dicksee (1819–1895) and his wife, Eliza, the daughter of John Bernard, of Church Place, Piccadilly, London...

Article

L. A. Fagan

revised by Ailsa Boyd

Drummond, James (1816–1877), historical genre painter, was born in Edinburgh on 1 September 1816 at 49 High Street, John Knox's house in the Canongate, the son of James Drummond, an Edinburgh merchant noted for his historical knowledge of the Old Town, and his wife, ...

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Elmore, Alfred (1815–1881), history and genre painter, was born in Clonakilty, co. Cork, on 18 June 1815, son of a retired surgeon of the 5th dragoon guards. At the age of twelve he moved with his family to London and, after practising drawing from the antique at the ...

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Fisk, William Henry (1827–1884), landscape and historical genre painter and drawing teacher, was the son of William Fisk (1796–1872), a painter of portraits and historical subjects, and his wife, Margaret Thomas; he was baptized on 23 June 1827 at St Mary's, Marylebone Road, Middlesex...

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Fradelle, Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire (1778–1865), historical genre painter, was born at Lille in France on 15 June 1778, the son of Joseph Guillaume Fradelle, musician, and Adelaide Geneviève Valla both of Paris. Henri studied in Paris, and afterwards went to Italy. He settled in ...

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Gibb, Robert (1845–1932), historical genre and portrait painter, was born in a small cottage in James Street, Lauriston, near Falkirk, on 28 October 1845, the fifth son of David Gibb, journeyman joiner, and his wife, Christian, née Morrison. The landscape painter William Gibb (1839–1929)...

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Solomon Alexander Hart (1806–1881) self-portrait Exeter City Museums & Art Gallery

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Hart, Solomon Alexander (1806–1881), historical genre painter, was born in April 1806 in Plymouth, son of Samuel Hart (fl. 1785–1830), a Jewish engraver and teacher of Hebrew. Hart's mother died when he was young and his father married again. Two brothers are known, ...

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Kennedy, William Denholm (1813–1865), historical genre and landscape painter, was born at Dumfries on 16 June 1813; he received his early education at Edinburgh. At seventeen he moved to London where he entered the Royal Academy Schools in 1833. His lifelong friendship with the artist ...

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Landseer, Charles (1799/1800–1879), painter of historical and genre subjects, was born on 12 August 1799 or 1800 at 71 Queen Anne Street East, London, the second son to achieve adulthood among the fourteen children of John George Landseer (1762/3–1852), engraver and antiquary, and his wife, ...

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Henry Le Jeune (1819–1904) by Maull & Polyblank © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Le Jeune, Henry (1819–1904), history and genre painter, was born in London on 12 December 1819, the son of Anthony Le Jeune, a professional musician of Flemish origin. Le Jeune hailed from a musical family, his grandfather and brothers also being musicians. His sister developed an interest in photography, working in ...

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McDonald, John Blake (1829–1901), historical genre and landscape painter, son of James McDonald, a wood merchant, and his wife, Mary Black, was born at Boat of Bridge, Boharm, Moray, on 31 May 1829. He was educated there, but in 1852 enrolled at the ...

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O'Neil, Henry Nelson (1817–1880), historical genre painter, was born on 7 January 1817 in St Petersburg, Russia, the second of three sons of Charles St John O’Neil (1786-1865), artist and picture dealer, and his first wife Regina Madeline née Copin. At the age of six, in 1823, he went with his family to ...