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Alleyne, Sir John Gay, first baronet (1724–1801), planter and politician, was born in the parish of St James, Barbados, on 28 April 1724, the second (but only surviving) son of John Alleyne (1695–1730), of Four Hills, Barbados, and his wife, Mary (d...

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Beckford, Peter (1672/3–1735), planter and politician in Jamaica, was the son of Peter Beckford (bap. 1643, d. 1710) and his second wife, Anne Ballard. Beckford was elected to the assembly (like his father, who was a member of the house of assembly before he was elevated to ...

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Beckford, Peter (bap. 1643, d. 1710), planter in Jamaica and politician, was baptized on 19 November 1643 at St James, Clerkenwell, Middlesex, the son of Peter Beckford, 'a shadowy and humble figure' whose dates of birth and death are unknown (Alexander, 29...

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William Beckford (bap. 1709, d. 1770) by unknown engraver, c. 1769 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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William Beckford (1744–1799) by unknown engraver, pubd 1799 (after John? Miers) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Beckford, William (bap. 1709, d. 1770), planter and politician, was baptized on 19 December 1709, in Jamaica, the son of Peter Beckford (1672/3–1735), sugar planter, speaker of the Jamaica house of assembly, and comptroller of customs, and Bathshua, daughter and coheir of Julines Hering...

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Beckford, William (1744–1799), sugar planter and historian, was born in Jamaica in 1744, the son and heir of Richard Beckford (d. 1756) and his common-law wife, Elizabeth Hay. His uncle was William Beckford, lord mayor of London, and his first cousin was ...

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Bonython, Richard (bap. 1580, d. 1647x54), soldier and planter in America, was baptized on 8 April 1580 at St Columb Major, Cornwall, a younger son and one of eight children of John Bonython and his wife, Eleanor Myleinton. Nothing else is known of his early life. He married by 1607 ...

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Bulloch, Archibald Stobo (1730–1777), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born in Charles Town, South Carolina, the son of James Bulloch (1701–1780) clergyman and planter, and Jean Stobo. Archibald studied law and was admitted to the bar before 1758, when he moved to ...

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Carroll, Charles [called the Barrister] (1723–1783), planter and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 22 March 1723, at King George Street, Annapolis, Maryland, the eldest of three children of Charles Carroll (1691–1755), physician and ironmaster, and his first wife, Dorothy Blake...

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Carter, Charles (1707–1764), planter and politician in America, was born at Corotoman, Lancaster county, Virginia, the seventh of twelve children of Robert ‘King’ Carter (1663–1732), Virginia planter, merchant, and politician, and the third with his second wife, the widow Elizabeth Willis, née Landon (1683–1719)...

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Carter, Landon (1710–1778), diarist and planter in America, was born on 18 August 1710 at Corotoman, his family's country seat in Lancaster county, Virginia, the son of a very wealthy first-generation Virginian, Robert (King) Carter (1663–1732), a planter–merchant member of the king's council in ...

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Robert Carter (1663–1732) by unknown artist, c. 1720 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Carter, Robert [called King Carter] (1663–1732), planter and politician in America, was born in Lancaster county in the Northern Neck of colonial Virginia. He was the son of Colonel John Carter (d. 1669), 'the emigrant', a prosperous planter, and his fourth wife, ...

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Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official, was born in Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington (d. 1656), a planter and land speculator in Barbados, and Frances Drax, the sister of the prominent planter Sir James Drax. Nothing is known of his wife, ...

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Coode, John (c. 1648–1709), planter and politician in America, was born in Penryn, Cornwall, the second of three sons of John Coode (1622–1713), lawyer, and his wife, Grace (d. 1694), daughter of Thomas Robins of Glasney College. Coode briefly attended Exeter College, Oxford...

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Cottle, Thomas John (1761–1828), plantation owner and philanthropist, was the eldest of the four children of Thomas Cottle (1726–1765), solicitor-general of St Kitts, Leeward Islands, West Indies. Cottle inherited the Round Hill plantation on the neighbouring island of Nevis from his father. He became a member of the ...

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Dawkins, Henry (1728–1814), plantation and slave owner and politician, was born in Clarendon, Jamaica, on 24 May 1728, the fourth child and third son of Henry Dawkins (1698–1744) and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1695–1757), daughter of Edward Pennant, chief justice of Jamaica...

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Drayton, William Henry (1742–1779), planter and revolutionary leader in America, was born in September 1742 at Drayton Hall, St Andrew's parish, South Carolina, the son of John Drayton (1713?–1779), a wealthy planter and public official, and Charlotta (1719–1743), daughter of Lieutenant-Governor William Bull...

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Bryan Edwards (1743–1800) by Thomas Holloway, pubd 1800 (after Lemuel Francis Abbott) © National Portrait Gallery, London