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Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor, was a daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), and his second wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219). Born some time after 1209, the date of her parents' marriage, her distinctive Gaelic name, ...

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Balliol [Baliol], John de (b. before 1208, d. 1268), magnate and benefactor, was the eldest son and heir of Hugh de Balliol (d. 1229), lord of Barnard Castle in co. Durham and of Bailleul-en-Vimeu in Picardy. Probably named after King John, to whom his father, exceptionally among the baronage of the north of ...

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Calthorpe (act. 1717–1910) by George Romney, 1779 [Sir Henry Gough, first Baron Calthorpe] © Pallant House Gallery, Chichester, UK

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Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Lettice Cary, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647) by William Marshall, pubd 1648 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cary [née Morison], Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647), noblewoman and benefactor, was the daughter of Sir Richard Moryson (c. 1571–1628) [see under Moryson, Fynes], vice-president of Munster, and Mary (d. 1654), daughter of Sir Henry Harington, sometime resident of ...

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Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge, was usually known as Elizabeth de Burgh, and was described by herself and others as lady of Clare. She was the youngest daughter of ...

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See Craven, Sir William

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Keith, George, fourth Earl Marischal (1549/50–1623), magnate and founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen, was the eldest son of William, master of Marischal (c.1530–1580), and his wife, Elizabeth Hay (b. c.1530), daughter of George, seventh earl of Erroll. He was educated with his younger brother ...

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Tobias Rustat (bap. 1608, d. 1694) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1682 Jesus College, Cambridge; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Rustat, Tobias (bap. 1608, d. 1694), courtier and benefactor, was baptized on 17 September 1608 in Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire, the last of seven children of the Revd Robert Rustat (1567–1637) and Alice Snoden (d. 1660?), sister of Robert Snoden, bishop of Carlisle. Heraldic evidence suggests the name ...

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See Spring family

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Mary de St Pol, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377) workshop of Jean Pucelle, c. 1320 [kneeling, left, before St Cecilia] by permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library

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St Pol, Mary de, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377), magnate and founder of Pembroke College, Cambridge, was the fourth daughter of Guy de Châtillon, count of St Pol (d. 1317), and of Mary of Brittany, granddaughter of Henry III. She had five sisters and two brothers, but nothing is known of her childhood. Both ...

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Townshend [née Bacon], Anne, Lady Townshend (1573–1622), gentlewoman and benefactor, was born in Waxham on the north Norfolk coast in August 1573 and baptized at Cockthorpe on 7 August, the eldest of three daughters and a coheir of Sir Nathaniel Bacon (1546?–1622)...

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Weld, Thomas (1750–1810), landowner and benefactor, was born on 24 August 1750 at Lulworth Castle, Dorset, the fourth son of Edward Weld (1705–1761) and Mary, née Vaughan (1713–1754). The Weld family originally came from Cheshire and bought the Lulworth estate, including the castle (built in 1610) from the ...