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Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897 at Hazelstubbs, Gravel Hill, Bexleyheath, the daughter of George Joseph Gill (c.1860–1947), a water-rate collector, and his wife, ...

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William Barron (1805–1891) by unknown photographer Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library

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Barron, William (1805–1891), landscape gardener, was born on 7 September 1805 in Eccles, Berwickshire, the son of John Barron, gardener, and his wife, Betty Johnston. (The year of his birth is usually cited as 1800, as a result of a mistake in his obituary in the ...

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Bridgeman [Bridgman], Charles (d. 1738), landscape gardener, was possibly of East Anglian origin. Nothing is known of his parentage or education, although there is some speculation that his father might also have been a gardener (Willis, Bridgeman, 2002). He is first recorded by the inscription '...

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Brown, Lancelot [known as Capability Brown] (bap. 1716, d. 1783), landscape gardener and architect, was baptized on 30 August 1716 at St Wilfrid's Church, Kirkharle, Northumberland, the fifth of the six children of William Brown (1676–1720), a yeoman farmer and estate steward, and his wife, ...

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Lancelot Brown [Capability Brown] (bap. 1716, d. 1783) by Nathaniel Dance, c. 1773 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Busch, John (c. 1730–1795), nurseryman and landscape gardener, was born at Lüneburg, Hanover. Christened Johann, he later signed himself Johann Busch, John Busch, or John Bush. The family retained the spelling Busch. Although his early education and training are uncertain, it is likely that he studied gardening in ...

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Caus [Caux], Isaac de (1589/90–1648), garden designer and architect, was born in Dieppe. He was a relative (possibly a nephew) of Salomon de Caus, and was, like him, a Huguenot. The date of his arrival in England is not known, but he was in the country by the early 1620s, and was naturalized in 1634....

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Dame Sylvia Crowe (1901–1997) by Kelvin Brodie, 1975 © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Crowe, Dame Sylvia (1901–1997), landscape architect, was born on 15 September 1901 at 30 Oxford Road, Neithrop, Banbury, Oxfordshire, the daughter of Eyre Crowe, a box and cabinet manufacturer who, because of ill health, retired early to become a fruit farmer near the village of ...

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Emes, William (1729/30–1803), landscape designer and gardener, whose early life is obscure, took up the post of head gardener to Sir Nathaniel Curzon at Kedleston, Derbyshire, on 8 September 1756. He remained there until 1760, perhaps leaving his post because the appointment of ...

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Gilpin, William Sawrey (1761/2–1843), landscape painter and landscape gardener, was the second of six children of Sawrey Gilpin (1733–1807), animal painter, and Elizabeth Broom. Gilpin's uncle, his father's older brother, was the author and schoolmaster the Revd William Gilpin (1724–1804). Both Gilpin's great-grandfather ...

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Glenny, George (1793–1874), landscape gardener and writer on horticulture, was born on 1 November 1793 one of at least two sons of a watch-case maker in Clerkenwell, London. Apprenticed in the same trade as his father, in 1815 Glenny married the daughter of a watch-case maker. He worked at this craft at home in ...

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Graefer, John Andrew (d. 1802), horticulturist and landscape gardener, was born in Vienna but at an early age came to England, where he became a pupil of the gardener Philip Miller. He was subsequently employed as a gardener by the earl of Coventry...

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Hamilton, Charles (bap. 1704, d. 1786), landscape gardener, was baptized on 13 November 1704 in Dublin, the fourteenth child and youngest of the nine sons of James Hamilton, sixth earl of Abercorn (c. 1661–1734), and his wife, Elizabeth (1667/8–1754), daughter of Sir Robert Reading, ...

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Hancock, (Clarence Henry) Ralph (1893–1950), landscape architect and garden designer, was born at 20 Keppoch Street, Cardiff, on 2 July 1893, the eldest of three sons of Clarence Hancock (1868–1923), estate agent and auctioneer, and his wife, Clara Adelaide, née Thomas (1870–1937). He followed his father into the auctioneer's business. On the outbreak of the First World War he enlisted as a private in the ...

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Sir Geoffrey Alan Jellicoe (1900–1996) by Anne-Katrin Purkiss, 1990 © Anne-Katrin Purkiss; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jellicoe, Sir Geoffrey Alan (1900–1996), landscape architect, was born on 8 October 1900 at 70 Wynnstay Gardens, Chelsea, London, the younger son of George Edward Jellicoe, publisher's manager, and later publisher, and his wife, Florence Waterson, née Waylett. His parents separated when he was about fourteen and he lived alone with his mother, his teenage older brother having been swept into fighting in the First World War. He attended ...

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William Kent (bap. 1686, d. 1748) by William Aikman, c. 1723–5 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kent, William (bap. 1686, d. 1748), painter, architect, and designer of gardens and interior furnishings, was baptized William Cant in St Mary's Church, Bridlington, Yorkshire, on 1 January 1686, the son of William Cant and his wife, Esther Shimmings.