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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Archer, Frederick Scott (1813–1857), inventor of the collodion process in photography, was the second son of Thomas Archer, a butcher at Hertford, where he was probably born. Orphaned as a child, he was brought up by distant relatives and friends and while still a young man was apprenticed to a silversmith and bullion dealer named ...

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Frederick Scott Archer (1813–1857) by Robert Cade, 1855 Royal Photographic Society

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Bidwell, Shelford (1848–1909), physicist and developer of telephotography, was born on 6 March 1848 at Thetford, Norfolk, the eldest son of Shelford Clarke Bidwell, brewer, of Thetford, who was married to his cousin Georgina, daughter of George Bidwell, rector of Stanton, Norfolk. Educated under the ...

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Burchett, George (1872–1953), tattoo artist, was born George Burchett Davis at 9 Toronto Terrace, Brighton, Sussex, on 23 August 1872, the eldest son in the family of twelve children of George Burchett Davis (1849/50–1923), a journeyman french polisher who became a picture frame maker and later a shopkeeper, antiques dealer, and amateur artist in the ...

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George Burchett (1872–1953) by Brian Seed, 1951 © Brian Seed / The LIFE Images Collection / Getty Images

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Claudet, Antoine François Jean (1797–1867), photographer and inventor, was born at Château de Rosay, Lyons, France, on 12 August 1797, the son of a gentleman of independent means, who died in 1807. After receiving a sound commercial and classical education, he entered the prestigious banking firm of his uncle and was soon installed as co-director with ...

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Antoine François Jean Claudet (1797–1867) self-portrait, c. 1851 [with his son Frank Claudet] Science & Society Picture Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Greene, William Friese- (1855–1921), developer of moving pictures and photographer, was born as William Edward Green on 7 September 1855 at 68 College Street, Bristol, one of seven children of James Green (b. 1816), a metalworker and goldsmith, and his wife, Elizabeth Sage (...

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William Friese- Greene (1855–1921) self-portrait, c. 1890 [series of facial expressions adopted for an experiment to analyse motion] NMPFT / Science & Society Picture Library

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Griggs, William (1832–1911), inventor of a photolithographic process, was the son of a gate-keeper to the duke of Bedford at Woburn, Bedfordshire, where he was born on 4 October 1832. After the death of his father Griggs started working life as an apprentice carpenter at the age of twelve. When he was eighteen he moved to ...

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Guyatt, Richard Gerald Talbot [Dick] (1914–2007), graphic designer, was born on 8 May 1914 in La Coruña, Galicia, Spain, the third son and last of the six children of Thomas Guyatt (1872–1924), British vice-consul at La Coruña and later consul at Vigo, and his wife, ...

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Macdonald, Sutherland (1860–1942), tattoo artist, was born at Boundary Terrace, Leeds, Yorkshire, on 25 June 1860, the eldest child in the family of at least three sons and two daughters of Robert Macdonald (1821/2–1898), a private and later sergeant in the Royal Engineers...

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Muybridge, Eadweard James [formerly Edward James Muggeridge] (1830–1904), developer of motion photography, was born on 9 April 1830 at Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, the second of four sons of John Muggeridge (1797–1843), corn chandler, of Kingston, and his wife, Susannah (1807/8–1874), daughter of the ...

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Eadweard James Muybridge (1830–1904) by London Stereoscopic Co., c. 1895 Getty Images

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Ponton, Mungo (1802–1880), inventor of photographic processes and lawyer, the only son of John Ponton, farmer, and his wife, Isabell née Ponton, was born at Balgreen, near Edinburgh, on 23 November 1802. Educated as a lawyer, he was admitted to the Society of Writers to the Signet...

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Mungo Ponton (1802–1880) by unknown photographer, 1870s Heritage Images Partnership

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Reade, Joseph Bancroft (1801–1870), microscopist and experimenter in photography, was born on 5 April 1801 at Kirkgate, Leeds, Yorkshire, the eldest of six sons and two daughters of Thomas Shaw Bancroft Reade (1776–1841) and his wife, Sarah (d. 1825), daughter of Richard Paley...

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Spiller, John (1833–1921), chemist and inventor of photographic techniques, was born on 20 June 1833, one of at least two sons of John Horatio Spiller, an architect. Educated at a private school at Crouch End, London, and the City of London School, he then entered the ...

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Sutton, Thomas (1819–1875), photographic pioneer and writer, was born in Kensington on 22 September 1819, the son of Arthur White Sutton of Teddington, Middlesex. He was educated for six years at Newington Butts and then studied architecture for four years in London before becoming a pensioner (later scholar) of ...