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Alexander Bassano (1829–1913) self-portrait, 1880s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bassano, Alexander (1829–1913), photographer and artist, was born in London on 10 May 1829, the second son in the family of at least two sons and three daughters of Clement Bassano (1778/9–1833), merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Browne. He was baptized Alessandro...

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Claudet, Antoine François Jean (1797–1867), photographer and inventor, was born at Château de Rosay, Lyons, France, on 12 August 1797, the son of a gentleman of independent means, who died in 1807. After receiving a sound commercial and classical education, he entered the prestigious banking firm of his uncle and was soon installed as co-director with ...

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Antoine François Jean Claudet (1797–1867) self-portrait, c. 1851 [with his son Frank Claudet] Science & Society Picture Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Greene, William Friese- (1855–1921), developer of moving pictures and photographer, was born as William Edward Green on 7 September 1855 at 68 College Street, Bristol, one of seven children of James Green (b. 1816), a metalworker and goldsmith, and his wife, Elizabeth Sage (...

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William Friese- Greene (1855–1921) self-portrait, c. 1890 [series of facial expressions adopted for an experiment to analyse motion] NMPFT / Science & Society Picture Library

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Nigel Graeme Henderson (1917–1985) self-portrait, 1980–82 [Reforming] © reserved; Henderson Estate; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Henderson, Nigel Graeme (1917–1985), artist and photographer, was born on 1 April 1917 in St John's Wood, London, the second of three children, born in successive years, of Captain Kenneth Henderson, contracting engineer, son of Lord Farringdon, and Winifred (Wyn) Ellen Lester, a former music hall artiste, the illegitimate child of an illegitimate mother. Married in 1915, his parents were divorced in 1924. His mother, an unconventional and creative woman, was to remain an important influence on her son. ...

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Muybridge, Eadweard James [formerly Edward James Muggeridge] (1830–1904), developer of motion photography, was born on 9 April 1830 at Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, the second of four sons of John Muggeridge (1797–1843), corn chandler, of Kingston, and his wife, Susannah (1807/8–1874), daughter of the ...

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Eadweard James Muybridge (1830–1904) by London Stereoscopic Co., c. 1895 Getty Images

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Nicholson, John Miller (1840–1913), artist and photographer, was born on 29 January 1840 at Church Street, Douglas, Isle of Man, the eldest of the three sons of William Nicholson (c.1818–1878), house painter and decorator, and his first wife, Christian (c...

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Spender, (John) Humphrey (1910–2005), photojournalist and artist, was born at 47 Campden House Court, Kensington, London, on 19 April 1910, the third son and youngest of the four children of (Edward) Harold Spender (1864–1926), journalist and author, and his wife, Violet Hilda, née...

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Sutton, Thomas (1819–1875), photographic pioneer and writer, was born in Kensington on 22 September 1819, the son of Arthur White Sutton of Teddington, Middlesex. He was educated for six years at Newington Butts and then studied architecture for four years in London before becoming a pensioner (later scholar) of ...

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Talbot, William Henry Fox (1800–1877), pioneer of photography, was born on 11 February 1800 at Melbury, Dorset, the only child of William Davenport Talbot (1764–1800), army officer, of Lacock Abbey, Wiltshire, and Elisabeth Theresa (1773–1846), eldest child of Henry Thomas Fox-Strangways, second earl of Ilchester...

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William Henry Fox Talbot (1800–1877) by Antoine Claudet, 1846 Fox Talbot Museum of Photography

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Woodbury, Walter Bentley (1834–1885), photographer and inventor of the woodburytype process, was born at Manchester on 26 June 1834, the eldest of five children of John Taylor Woodbury (d. 1842) and his wife, Ellen Bentley. The death of Woodbury's father left his mother to look after a shop and her younger children while he was brought up by his maternal grandfather, ...