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Ashington group (act. 1934–1983), originated in October 1934 when men, mainly coalminers, from Ashington, Northumberland, began classes in art appreciation. It was a course without precedent in a mining village 16 miles, and a world away, from the nearest art gallery. The class, organized by the ...

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Ronald Lindsay Prain

revised by Anita McConnell

Beatty, Sir (Alfred) Chester (1875–1968), mining engineer and art collector, was born on 7 February 1875 in New York city, the youngest of the three sons of John Cuming Beatty, banker, of New York city, and his wife, Hetty, daughter of William Gedney Bull...

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Bowes, George (1701–1760), coal owner and landscape builder, was born on 21 August 1701 at Streatlam Castle, near Barnard Castle, co. Durham, the third son of Sir William Bowes (bap. 1657, d. 1707), landowner, of Streatlam, and his wife, Elizabeth Blakiston (...

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Bowes, John (1811–1885), coal industrialist and art collector, was born at 13 South Street, Chelsea, London, on 19 June 1811, the illegitimate son of John Bowes, tenth earl of Strathmore (1769–1820), and Mary (1787–1860), the daughter of George and Ann Milner of Stainton, co. Durham...

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Dagnall, Charles (d. 1774?), colliery owner and ivory comb maker, is a figure about whom biographical details are sparse. He lived at Eccleston on the edge of what became the industrial town of St Helens in Lancashire. Many people with the name of ...

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Foulis, Thomas (c. 1560–1628), goldsmith, financier, and mining entrepreneur, was a younger son of Henry Foulis of Colinton (d. 1571), an advocate, and his wife, Margaret Haldane (fl. 1545–1560). He became a goldsmith of Edinburgh in 1581, after an apprenticeship to the wealthy ...

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William Gibbs (1790–1875) by unknown photographer, 1862–3 © reserved

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Gibbs, William (1790–1875), businessman and religious philanthropist, was born on 22 May 1790 at 6 Calle de Cantarranas, Madrid, Spain, the second son of Antony Gibbs (1756–1815), merchant, and his wife, Dorothea Barnetta, née Hucks (1760–1820). The judge and politician Sir Vicary Gibbs...

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McCulloch, George (1848–1907), mine owner and art collector, was born on 23 April 1848 in Lanark, the youngest child in the family of four sons and one daughter of James McCulloch (1797–1849), a road contractor, and his wife, Isabella Robertson. He was educated at ...

Article

Nissen, Peter Norman (1871–1930), mining engineer and inventor of the Nissen hut, was born on 6 August 1871 in New York, the second of the three children of Georg Hermann Nissen (1832–1913), a Norwegian mining engineer, and his wife, Annie Lavinia (1842–c...