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Collier, John [pseud. Tim Bobbin] (1708–1786), satirist and caricaturist, was born at Church Lane, Urmston, Lancashire, on 16 December 1708. He was the third of nine children of John Collier, Church of England clergyman (c.1676–1739) and his wife, Mary Cook (...

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John Collier (1708–1786) self-portrait, c. 1750 © Rochdale Art Gallery

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Gerard Hoffnung (1925–1959) by Peter Keen, late 1950s © Peter Keen; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hoffnung, Gerard [formerly Gerhardt] (1925–1959), cartoonist and musical humorist, was born in Grünewald, Berlin, on 22 March 1925, the only child of German-Jewish parents, Ludwig Hoffnung, a wealthy grain merchant, and his wife, Hilde, a widow, whose first husband, Schnabel, was killed in the First World War. His mother was a keen amateur musician and artist who encouraged his artistic talents. From his earliest years he was interested in the macabre—fairy tales, practical jokes, and the comic drawings of the famous German illustrators and caricaturists....

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Pilkington, Matthew (1701–1774), satirist and art historian, was born in Ballyboy, King's county, the son of William Pilkington, a watchmaker. The father moved to Dublin in time for the boy's schooling, acquired rental properties in the eastern suburbs, and eventually (according to Laetitia Pilkington...