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Aken, Joseph van (c. 1699–1749), drapery painter and painter of genre and conversation pieces, was born probably in Antwerp, where he first practised as a painter. The title to a mezzotint of him by John Faber after Thomas Hudson gives his name as ...

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Timothy Clayton and Anita McConnell

Alken family (per. 1745–1894), engravers and painters, may have originated in Denmark, perhaps from the village of Alken in north Jutland. According to family tradition they moved to England to escape the political disturbances during the reign of King Christian VII. However, the first representative to reach ...

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See Alken family

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See Alken family

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See Alken family

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Duncan Macmillan

Allan, David (1744–1796), portrait and genre painter, was born at Alloa, Clackmannanshire, on 13 February 1744, the son of David Allan, shoremaster, and Janet Gullan. Allan, who was born prematurely, seems to have been asthmatic and never enjoyed good health. He showed an early proclivity to art, and was dismissed from school for caricaturing his teacher. At eleven, on 23 February 1755, he was apprenticed to the ...

Image

David Allan (1744–1796) self-portrait, 1770 in the collection of the Royal Scottish Academy, on loan to the Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Anderson [née Gengembre], Sophia [Sophie] (1823–1903), genre painter, was born in Paris, the daughter of Charles Antoine Colomb Gengembre (1790–1863), architect and art lover, and his English wife, Marianne, daughter of the geologist John Fahey and his wife, Sophia, née Hubert. In 1829 the family moved to rural ...

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Ansdell, Richard (1815–1885), animal painter, son of Thomas Griffith Ansdell, block maker, and his wife, Ann, was born in Liverpool on 11 May 1815 and baptized on 5 July at St Peter's Church, Liverpool. He attended the Blue Coat School, Liverpool—whose assembled governors he later painted, in 1845 (...

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Backhouse [née Holden], Margaret (bap. 1818, d. 1896), portrait and genre painter, one of several children of the Revd Henry Augustus Holden (1785–1870) and his wife, Mary Willetts (1790/91–1869), was born at Summer Hill, near Birmingham, and baptized on 28 September 1818 at ...

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Barenger, James (1780–1831), animal painter, was born on 25 December 1780, the son of James Barenger (1745–1813) of Kentish Town, London, a painter and glazier who exhibited a number of watercolour drawings of insects at the Royal Academy (1793–9). It is likely that ...

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Barker, Thomas Jones (1813–1882), war and portrait painter, was born on 19 April 1813 at Bath, Somerset, the eldest son and fifth child of Thomas Barker (1767–1847) of Bath, painter and lithographer, and his wife, Priscilla, née Jones. Educated at Heckingham College, he was taught to paint by his father. From 1834 he studied in ...

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Barraud, William (bap. 1810, d. 1850), animal painter, was baptized on 4 April 1810 at St Mary's Church, Lambeth, London, one of the seventeen children of William Francis Barraud (bap. 1783, d. 1833), a clerk in the custom house, and his wife, ...

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R. E. Graves

revised by A. Nisbet

Benwell, John Hodges (1762–1785), genre painter, was born on 6 May 1762 at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, where his father was under-steward to the duke of Marlborough. He was a pupil of a portrait painter named Sanders (possibly John Sanders; fl. 1750–1783), and he also studied in the ...

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Bird, Edward (1772–1819), genre and history painter, was born in Cat Yard, Berry Street, Wolverhampton, on 12 April 1772 and baptized there the same day, one of the many children of a local carpenter (d. c.1810). After attending the free grammar school he was apprenticed at the age of thirteen as a japanning artist to the firm of ...

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Bogdani, Jacob (1658–1724), still-life and bird painter, was born on 6 May 1658 in Eperjes, upper Hungary, the son of Lucas Bogdani (fl. 1656–1684), painter, and his wife, Susanna. He was educated at the Felsőmagyarországi Evangélikusok Kollégiuma, Eperjes, and probably became his father's pupil. By 1684 he was in ...

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Bolton, James (bap. 1735, d. 1799), natural history artist and mycologist, was baptized on 23 November 1735; he was probably born on a farm in the Calder valley, Yorkshire. He was the younger son of a weaver, William Bolton (or Boulton). His elder brother, ...

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Walter Hepworth

revised by Emily M. Weeks

Bowness, William (1809–1867), portrait and genre painter, was born at Kendal, Westmorland. He was self-taught, and after some practice in his native town, he went to London about 1829 and met with moderate success as a portrait and figure painter. He exhibited at the ...

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Boyce [married name Wells], Joanna Mary (1831–1861), genre painter, daughter of George John Boyce (d. 1853) and his wife, Anne Price, and younger sister of the watercolourist George Price Boyce (1826–1897), was born in Gray's Inn Terrace, Bloomsbury, London, on 7 December 1831. ...

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Briggs, Henry Perronet (1791–1844), antiquary and subject painter, was born at Walworth, London, the son of John Hobart Briggs (bap. 1760), who held a lucrative position in the Post Office, and his wife, Mary, née Oldham. He was named after his great-grandfather the Methodist minister ...