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Joy Adamson (1910–1980) by unknown photographer [with Elsa the lioness] © Elsa Conservation Trust

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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Baines, Sir Frank (1877–1933), architect and architectural preservationist, was born at 1 Maria Terrace, Stepney, Middlesex, on 7 December 1877, the fourth child of Samuel Baines (1840–1913), coppersmith, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Coates. Though Baines habitually stated that he was educated privately, he probably attended the ...

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Bishop, Sir Frederick Arthur (1915–2005), civil servant and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 4 December 1915 at 118 Hampstead Road, Brislington, Bristol, the son of Alfred John Bishop, foreman for a wholesale stationers, later factory manager, and his wife, Mary Maria, ...

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John Clayton (1792–1890) by Edward Sawyer, 19th cent. © Historic England / Bridgeman Images

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Clayton, John (1792–1890), civic leader and antiquary, was born on 10 June 1792 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the fourth child and third son of Nathaniel Clayton (1760–1832), town clerk and solicitor, and his wife, Dorothy, née Atkinson (1764–1827), daughter of George and Bridget Atkinson...

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John Gordon Dower (1900–1947) by unknown photographer, 1940s private collection

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Dower, John Gordon (1900–1947), architect and promoter of national parks, was born at 1 Ashburn Place, Ilkley, Yorkshire on 2 September 1900, the eldest child of Robert Shillito Dower (1870–1953), company director of George Depledge, steel merchant, Leeds, and a Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, ...

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Feilden, Sir Bernard Melchior (1919–2008), conservation architect, was born on 11 September 1919 at 31 Meadway Court, Hampstead Garden Suburb, London, a twin son and one of five brothers born to Robert Humphrey Feilden (1884–1925), a mechanical engineer and major in the Royal Field Artillery special reserve...

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FitzRoy, Hugh Denis Charles, eleventh duke of Grafton (1919–2011), architectural conservationist and landowner, was born on 3 April 1919 in Cape Town, South Africa, the elder son and eldest of three children of Charles Alfred Euston FitzRoy, later tenth duke of Grafton (1892–1970)...

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The founding members of Georgian Group (act. 1937–c.1947) were a gathering of architects and architectural historians, curators, politicians, lawyers, writers, and socialites, who came together to intercede against the destruction of Georgian architecture, especially in English towns and cities, that took place during the interwar years. It was established by the author and diplomat ...

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See Harrod, Sir (Henry) Roy Forbes

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See Kenworthy, Joseph Montague, tenth Baron Strabolgi

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Messel [married names Armstrong-Jones; Parsons], Anne, Countess of Rosse (1902–1992), conservationist and collector, was born at 27 Gloucester Terrace, London, on 8 February 1902, the second child of the stockbroker Leonard Messel (1872–1953) and his wife, Maud, née Sambourne...

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Anne Messel, Countess of Rosse (1902–1992), 1936

© National Portrait Gallery, London

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(George) James Henry Lees- Milne (1908–1997) by unknown photographer © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Milne, (George) James Henry Lees- (1908–1997), architectural historian and conservationist, was born at Wickhamford Manor, Worcestershire, on 6 August 1908, the second of three children and elder son of George Crompton Lees-Milne (1880–1949) and his wife, Helen Christina (1884–1962), daughter of Henry Bailey...

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See Scott, Sir Peter Markham

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Stuart, John Crichton-, fourth marquess of Bute (1881–1947), architectural patron and conservationist, was born at Chiswick House, Middlesex, on 20 June 1881, the eldest of the four children of John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, third marquess of Bute (1847–1900), and his wife, Gwendolen Mary Anne Fitzalan-Howard (1854–1932)...

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See Thorneycroft, (George Edward) Peter, Baron Thorneycroft