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Andrews, Henry Charles (fl. 1794–1830), botanical artist and engraver, is an elusive figure; little is known of his family background or education. He presumably received some artistic training before the mid-1790s, for his earliest engravings of plants are dated 1794; he may have been the ...

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Bauer, Ferdinand Lukas (1760–1826), botanical artist, was born on 20 January 1760 at Feldsberg, Austria, the son of Lukas Bauer or Baur (1706/7–1762), court painter to the prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife, Theresia, née Hirsch. Three sons—Joseph (1756–1831), Franz Andreas Bauer (1758–1840)...

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Franz Andreas Bauer (1758–1840) by William Brockedon, 1834 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bauer, Franz Andreas (1758–1840), microscopist and botanical artist, was born on 4 October 1758 in Feldsberg, Austria (now Valtice, Czech Republic). He was the second of the four sons of Lukas Bauer or Baur (1706/7–1762), a religious and court painter to the ...

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Blackwell [née Blachrie], Elizabeth (bap. 1707, d. 1758), botanical author and artist, was baptized on 22 June 1707 at St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the sixth daughter of a prosperous stocking merchant, William Blachrie (b. c.1669) and his wife, Isobel Fordyce. Elizabeth...

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Bury [née Falkner], Priscilla Susan (1799–1872), botanical artist, was born on 12 January 1799 in Rainhill, Lancashire, the daughter of Edward Dean Falkner (1750–1825), a wealthy Liverpool trader, who had been high sheriff of Lancashire in 1788, and his wife, Bridgett Tarleton (...

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Clift, William (1775–1849), museum curator and scientific illustrator, was born at Burcombe, near Bodmin, Cornwall, on 14 February 1775, and was baptized (as William Cleft) in the Bodmin parish church on 12 April that year. He was the youngest of the seven children (...

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Edwards, George (1694–1773), ornithologist and artist, was born on 3 April 1694 at Stratford, West Ham, Essex, to a family of Welsh descent. He was educated at a boarding-school in Leytonstone and at Brentwood grammar school. He was then apprenticed to John Dod...

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George Edwards (1694–1773) by Johann Sebastian Müller, 1754 (after Bartholomew Dandridge) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Edwards, Sydenham Teast (bap. 1768, d. 1819), botanical artist, was baptized Sydenham Edwards on 5 August 1768 at Usk, the second son in the family of seven or more children of Lloyd Pittel Edwards, schoolmaster, and his wife, Mary Reece. The physician Richard Reece (1775–1831)...

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Ehret, George Dionysius (1708–1770), botanical artist, was born Georg Dionysius Ehret on 30 January 1708 at Heidelberg, Germany, the elder son of Ferdinand Christoph Ehret, gardener, and Anna Maria, both of Heidelberg. Ehret trained as a gardener, initially working on estates of German nobility, and painted flowers as a hobby, taught by his father, a good draughtsman. His first major sale of flower paintings came through ...

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Fitch, Walter Hood (1817–1892), botanical artist and lithographer, was born on 29 January 1817 in Lanark, Scotland, the second son of five children of John Fitch (1790–c.1850), cloth merchant, and his wife, Catherine Maria Hood (1786–1859), a milliner and dressmaker. After a year at ...

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Walter Hood Fitch (1817–1892) self-portrait, 1834 [detail] © The Natural History Museum, London

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Foord, Arthur Humphreys (1844–1933), palaeontologist and scientific illustrator, was born on 14 September 1844 at Brixton, Surrey, together with his twin brother, Alfred Stanley Foord (1844–1934), also an illustrator of scientific papers, and secretary of a mining company. Arthur was the fourth, and youngest, son of ...

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Edward Whitaker Gray (1748–1806) by Sir Augustus Wall Callcott [detail] © Royal Society

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Gray, Edward Whitaker (1748–1806), physician and museum curator, was born on 21 March 1748, probably in London, the second son of Samuel Gray (bap. 1693?, d. 1766), seedsman, and his wife, Juliana, née Kelly (d. 1774). An older brother, Samuel Gray (1739–1771)...

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Hayes, William (1729–1799), bird illustrator, is thought to have lived most of his life in Southall, Middlesex. Nothing is known of his parentage and little is known of his life. He married, and fathered twenty-one children, ten of whom survived him, although only the eldest daughter was able to support herself; his eldest son was disabled from infancy....

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Martin, William Keble (1877–1969), botanical artist, was born on 9 July 1877 at Radley, near Oxford, the sixth child in the family of five sons and four daughters of the Revd Charles Martin, warden of St Peter's College, Radley, and his wife, Dora...

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Mee [née Brown; other married name Bartlett], Margaret Ursula (1909–1988), political activist and botanical artist, was born on 22 May 1909 at The Crest, White Hill, Chesham, Buckinghamshire, one of three daughters of George John Henderson Brown (d. 1938), insurance clerk, and his wife, ...

Article

Motte, Andrew (bap. 1696, d. 1734), engraver and writer on natural philosophy, was baptized at St Botolph, Aldersgate, London, on 16 August 1696, the son of Benjamin Motte (d. 1710) [see under Motte, Benjamin (1693-1738)], printer, and his wife, Ann, daughter of the printer ...