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Buckland [née Morland], Mary (1797–1857), geological artist and curator, was born on 20 November 1797 in St Helen's parish, Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest daughter of Benjamin Morland (1768–1833), solicitor (and a member of the West Ilsley brewing family), and his wife, Harriet Baster (1777–1799)...

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Daintree, Richard (1832–1878), geologist and photographer, was born at Hemingford Abbots, Huntingdonshire, on 13 December 1832, the son of Richard Daintree, a prosperous farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was educated at Bedford grammar school and in 1851–2 at Christ's College, Cambridge, but left without completing a degree to seek a warmer climate for his health, and in 1852 emigrated to ...

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See Findlay, Alexander George, the younger

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Fletcher, Sir Lazarus (1854–1921), museum director and mineralogist, was born at 11 Williamson Street, Salford, on 3 March 1854, the eldest child of six sons and two daughters of Stewart Fletcher of Salford and his wife, Betty, née Gregory. He was educated at ...

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Hotine, Martin (1898–1968), geodesist and photogrammetrist, was born at 9 Wymond Street, Putney, on 17 June 1898, the tenth child and fourth son of Frederick Martin Hotine, a retired army officer and journalist, and his wife, Mary Louisa Golder. After an education at ...

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Lyons, Sir Henry George (1864–1944), geologist and museum director, was born in London on 11 October 1864, the son of Thomas Casey Lyons, and his wife, Helen, daughter of George Young, of Apsley Towers, Ryde, Isle of Wight. His father, who was of Irish descent, had retired from the ...

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McLintock, William Francis Porter (1887–1960), geologist and museum director, was born on 2 February 1887 in Edinburgh, the third child and elder son of Peter Buchanan McLintock, cashier, and his wife, Jane (née Porter). He was educated at George Heriot's School and ...

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Reade, Thomas Mellard (1832–1909), architect and geologist, was born on 27 May 1832 at 31 Mill Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, where his father, William James Reade (1794–1867), ran a small private school. The Reade family, formerly Staffordshire yeomen, included Joseph Bancroft Reade and ...

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Sheppard, Thomas (1876–1945), museum director and writer on geology, was born on 2 October 1876 in South Ferriby, Lincolnshire, but spent his entire life in east Yorkshire. He was the eldest of a family of ten born to Harvey Sheppard (1848–1912) of Wiltshire...

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James Lewis Smithson (1764–1829) by Henri-Joseph Johns, 1816 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...

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St Joseph, (John) Kenneth Sinclair (1912–1994), geologist, archaeologist, and aerial photographer, was born on 13 November 1912 at Rose Cottage, Cookley, Worcestershire, the only surviving son of John Daniel St Joseph, a forestry officer with the Indian forest service, and his wife, Irma Robertson, ...

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(John) Kenneth Sinclair St Joseph (1912–1994) by unknown artist The Master and Fellows of Selwyn College, Cambridge

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Underwood, Thomas Richard (1772–1835), watercolour painter and geologist, was born on 24 February 1772 at 43 Lamb's Conduit Street, Holborn, London, the only son of Thomas Underwood (d. 1808) and his wife, Susannah (d. 1804/5). Nothing is known of his early education or training in watercolour drawing. At an early age, he married ...