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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Arnott, Samuel (1852–1930), gardener and politician, was born above his father's baker's shop at the corner of Friar's Vennel, Dumfries, on 30 September 1852, the son of John Arnott (d. 1858) and his wife, Nicholas Richardson. His father, who was descended from a line of farmers and lead miners in the parish of ...

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George Baillie of Jerviswood (1664–1738) by William Aikman, 1717 in a private Scottish collection

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Beaton, Donald (1802–1863), gardener, was born on 8 March 1802, 'about sixteen miles from the then parish church of Urray, in Strathconon, Rosshire' (Beaton, Autobiography), the son of Donald Beaton. While Beaton was small his father moved the family to ...

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Patrick Bell (1799–1869) by unknown engraver, pubd 1868 (after E. Strachan) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Blackwell, Alexander (bap. 1709, d. 1747), agricultural improver and government agent in Sweden, was baptized in Aberdeen on 10 October 1709. He was the son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), professor of theology and principal at Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his wife, Christian (...

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Blaikie, Thomas (1751–1838), landscape gardener and plant collector, was born at Corstorphine Hill, Edinburgh, on 2 March 1751, the youngest in the family of two sons and two daughters of Thomas Blaikie, who owned a small market garden at Corstorphine, and his wife, ...

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Alexander Bruce, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680) by Adriaen Hanneman, c. 1660 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T.

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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See Campbell family of Cawdor

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Christie, Isabella Robertson [Ella] (1861–1949), traveller and gardener, was born on 21 April 1861 at Millbank, Cockpen, Edinburgh, the second child and elder daughter in the family of one son (d. 1872) and two daughters of John Christie (1824–1902), a Scottish coalmine owner, and his wife, ...

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Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/5050–1722) by William Aikman, 1700 in the collection of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik House

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by Philip Carter

Clinton, Charles (1690–1773), surveyor and landowner, was born in Corbay, co. Longford, the grandson of an officer of Charles I's army who had settled in Ireland. He married Elizabeth Denniston (d. in or after 1773), who was of Scots-Irish descent, some time before the family left for ...

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Cockburn, John, of Ormiston (1679–1758), politician and agricultural improver, was born in Scotland, the second son of Adam Cockburn (c. 1656–1735) of Ormiston, lord justice clerk and lord of session with the judicial title Lord Ormiston, and his first wife, Lady Susanna Hamilton...

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See Crichton, James [called the Admirable Crichton]