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See Backhouse family

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See Backhouse family

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E. I. Carlyle

revised by William T. Stearn

Bateman, James (1812–1897), horticulturist and botanist, was born on 18 July 1812 at Redivals, near Bury in Lancashire, the only child of John Bateman (1782–1858), banker, ironfounder, and manufacturer, of Knypersley Hall in Staffordshire and Tolson Hall in Westmorland, and his wife, Elizabeth (...

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Biffen, Sir Rowland Harry (1874–1949), geneticist and agricultural botanist, was born on 28 May 1874 at Cheltenham, the eldest of the family of two boys and three girls of Henry John Biffen, headmaster of the Christ Church higher grade school at Cheltenham, and his wife, ...

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Bobart [Bobert], Jacob, the elder (c. 1599–1680), botanist and gardener, was born at Brunswick. After a period as a soldier, during which he added a working knowledge of English and Latin to his native tongue, he settled in Oxford, possibly as an innkeeper, before being appointed superintendent of the university's new physic garden, apparently shortly before 1641, by its founder, the ...

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Bowie, James (c. 1789–1869), gardener and botanist, was born in London, son of an Oxford Street seedsman. From 1810 he was employed at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. In 1814 he was chosen by Sir Joseph Banks, with Allan Cunningham, to collect plants for ...

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David Prain

revised by M. Rangarajan

Brandis, Sir Dietrich (1824–1907), forester and botanist, born at Bonn on 31 March 1824, was the eldest son of Christian August Brandis (1790–1867) and his wife, Caroline Hausmann, a Hanoverian, who was a pioneer in social work. His father, son of the court physician at ...

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Bunting, Arthur Hugh (1917–2002), crop scientist, was born on 7 September 1917 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Sidney Percival Bunting (1873–1936), solicitor, and his wife, Rebecca, née Notlowitz, a Jewish émigrée from Russia. His great-great-grandfather was ...

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Don, George (1798–1856), botanist and plant collector, was born at Doo Hillock, Forfarshire, Scotland, on 17 May 1798, the eldest of the five sons of George Don (1764–1814), clockmaker turned nurseryman, who discovered many highland plants new to Scotland, and principal gardener (1802–6) at the ...

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Donn, James (1758–1813), botanist and gardener, was born in Perthshire. He began his horticultural training under William Aiton at Kew, and was appointed curator of the university botanic garden in Cambridge in 1794, in which post he remained until his death in 1813. His name is associated with a remarkable publication, ...

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Drummond, James (bap. 1787, d. 1863), botanist and collector, was born in Inverarity, Scotland and baptized there on 8 January 1787. He was the elder son of Thomas Drummond, gardener; his younger brother, Thomas Drummond, became a collector of North American plants. Little is known of ...

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Engledow, Sir Frank Leonard (1890–1985), plant scientist and agriculturist, was born on 20 August 1890 at Dartford, Kent, the fifth and youngest child of Henry Engledow of Norfolk, and Elizabeth Prentice from Essex. Henry Engledow was police station sergeant at Bexleyheath, Kent, and on retirement became agent to a brewery. ...

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Farrer, William James (1845–1906), wheat breeder, was born on 3 April 1845 at Docker, near Kendal, Westmorland, the first of the four children of Thomas Farrer, tenant farmer, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1853), daughter of John Brunskill. He was educated at ...

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Gilmour, John Scott Lennox (1906–1986), botanist and horticulturist, was born on 28 September 1906 at 1 St John's Wood Road, London, the youngest in the family of one daughter and three sons of Thomas Lennox Gilmour, Edinburgh lawyer, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of ...

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See Gray, Samuel

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Griffiths [née Rogers], Amelia Warren (1768–1858), phycologist and seaweed collector, was born on 14 January 1768 in Pilton, north Devon, the elder daughter of John and Emily Rogers. On 10 March 1794 she married the Revd William Griffiths, vicar of St Issey, Cornwall...

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B. D. Jackson

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Grigor, James (c. 1811–1848), nurseryman and botanist, lived and worked in Old Lakenham, Norwich, Norfolk. He was the author of the Eastern Arboretum, or, Register of Remarkable Trees, Seats, Gardens … in the County of Norfolk (1841), illustrated with fifty etched plates, issued in fifteen numbers. In the preface ...

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Harland, Sydney Cross (1891–1982), agricultural botanist and geneticist, was born on 19 June 1891 at Snainton, near Scarborough, the son of Erasmus Harland and his wife, Eliza. He was educated at the municipal secondary school in Scarborough and at King's College, London, where he graduated in 1912 with honours in geology. He then took a job as a schoolmaster in the Danish colony of ...

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Henry, Augustine (1857–1930), botanical collector and dendrologist, was born on 2 July 1857 in Dundee, the first of six children of Bernard Henry (c.1825–1891) and Mary MacNamee. His father, at one time a gold-prospector in California and Australia, was a native of the townland of ...

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Hutchinson, Sir Joseph Burtt (1902–1988), geneticist and agriculturist, was born on 21 March 1902 in Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Edmund Hutchinson, who farmed at Cransley Grange, near Kettering, and his wife, Lydia Mary Davy...