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Common, John (1778–1868), agricultural engineer, was born in High Buston, Warkworth, Northumberland, on 25 January 1778, the second child in the family of five sons (one died in infancy) and four daughters of Robert Common of High Buston, a millwright and cartwright from a family of skilled mechanics, and his wife (probably ...

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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton (1803–1899) by Sir William Hamo Thornycroft, 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Peter L. Schmitthenner

Cotton, Sir Arthur Thomas (1803–1899), army officer and irrigation engineer, was born on 15 May 1803 at Woodcote, Oxfordshire, the ninth son of Henry Calveley Cotton (d. 1837) of Woodcote House, who served in the royal guards (postal service), and his wife, ...

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Elkington, Joseph (bap. 1740, d. 1806), farmer and designer of land drainage systems, was baptized on 1 January 1740, the eldest son of Joseph Elkington (1697–1758), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Gallimore (d. 1750), at Stretton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire. He married on 26 December 1760 ...

Article

C. H. Derby

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Fleetwood, Thomas (1659x61–1717), owner and reclaimer of land, was the eldest of the family of three sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Fleetwood, baronet (1628–1721), of Calwich, Staffordshire, and his wife, Anne (1623/4–1720), daughter of Sir Edward Golding, baronet, of Colston Bassett, Nottinghamshire...

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Fowler, John (1826–1864), agricultural engineer, was born on 11 July 1826 at Melksham, Wiltshire, one of at least two sons of John Fowler, merchant. His father was a leading member of the Quakers in Melksham. Fowler was at first engaged in the corn trade, but in 1847 he entered the works of ...

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Garrett family (per. 1778–1884), agricultural engineers, came to prominence with Richard [i] Garrett (1757–1839), who founded the business in Suffolk in 1778. Richard came from a family that had been bladesmiths since the late seventeenth century at least. He was born at ...

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Hosier, Arthur Julius (1877–1963), farmer and engineer, was born on 16 October 1877 at Shawford, Somerset, the twelfth and youngest child of Joshua Hosier, tenant dairy farmer, and his second wife, Sarah Fricker, a farmer's daughter from Frome. His was the fourth generation of farmers in the family but his father did not prosper in the profession. Having failed as an arable farmer in the difficult years of the 1880s, ...

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Macdonald, Duncan George Forbes (1827/8–1884), agricultural engineer and writer, was the youngest son of John Macdonald (1779–1849) and his second wife, Janet, eldest daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie, of Millbank. Initially he devoted himself to the study and practice of agriculture on his father's extensive glebe, before starting business on his own account in 1848, as an agricultural engineer in ...

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Marshall family (per. 1848–1922), agricultural engineers, came to prominence with William Marshall (1812–1861), born at Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the son of John Marshall, who was in business there. His father has been described in different sources as a shipwright, or as a block and tackle manufacturer. ...

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Andrew Meikle (1719–1811) by A. Reddock, c. 1790–1800 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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Monson, Sir John, second baronet (1599–1683), politician and financier of fen drainage, was born in St Sepulchre, London, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Monson, first baronet (1563/4–1641), of South Carlton in Lincolnshire, and his wife, Margaret (1569–1630), daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson...

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Parkes, Josiah (1793–1871), agricultural and civil engineer, was born on 27 February 1793 at Warwick, the third son of John Parkes, a wool-carding and wool-spinning mill owner in Warwick, and his wife, Sarah. His younger brother was Joseph Parkes (1796–1865), an election agent and reformer. ...