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Alexandre, Pierre [pseud. Simon Alexius] (c. 1498–1563), prior of Arras and theologian, was born in Arras where he entered the Carmelite priory. He studied theology at Paris, gaining his doctorate there on 11 December 1534. This suggests he was born about 1498. Having become Carmelite prior at ...

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Allchin, Arthur Macdonald [Donald] (1930–2010), Church of England clergyman and theologian, was born at 48 Birch Grove, Acton, London, on 20 April 1930, the third son and youngest of four surviving children of Frank Macdonald Allchin (1891–1977), physician, and his wife, Louise Maude, ...

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Allies, Thomas William (1813–1903), theologian and Roman Catholic convert, born at Midsomer Norton, Somerset, on 12 February 1813, was the son of Thomas Allies, curate of Henbury, Bristol, and later rector of Wormington, and his wife, Frances Elizabeth Fripp, daughter of a Bristol...

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William Ames (1576–1633) by William Marshall, pubd 1633 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

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Anderson, Anthony (d. 1593), Church of England clergyman and theological writer, is said by Tanner to have been born in Lancashire. Between 1560 and 1569 he was the archdeacon of Leicester's commissary, and in the latter year investigated the case of one Agnes Bowker...

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Arnold, Thomas Kerchever (bap. 1800, d. 1853), educational writer and theologian, was born at Stamford, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 6 March 1800, the son of Thomas Graham Arnold (1769/70–1855), a doctor of medicine, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was the grandson of ...

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Arrowsmith, John (1602–1659), college head and theologian, was born on 29 March 1602 in Gateshead; nothing is known of his parents or early life. He entered St John's College, Cambridge, in 1616 and graduated BA in 1620. He proceeded MA in 1623, and in the same year became a fellow of ...

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Gervase Babington (1549/5050–1610) by Renold Elstrack, pubd 1615 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Babington, Gervase (1549/50–1610), theologian and bishop of Worcester, was born in Nottinghamshire, as Sir John Harington noted, 'by birth … a gentleman of a verie good house' (Harington, 129). Claims that he was a native of Devon, made by ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by Antonia Forster

Badcock, Samuel (1747–1788), theologian and writer on literature, was born at South Molton, Devon, on 23 February 1747, the son of a butcher. His mother's maiden name was Plake. His parents were dissenters and he was educated at a dissenting academy at Ottery St Mary...

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Baelz, Peter Richard (1923–2000), theologian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 27 July 1923 at Ivybank, Queen's Road, Forest Hill, London. His German Lutheran parents, Eberhard Friedrich Wolfgang Baelz, export merchant, and Adine Elsie Dora Focke, sent him to Dulwich College...

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Baker, James Franklin Bethune- (1861–1951), theologian, was born on 23 August 1861 in Birmingham, the third son of Alfred Baker, surgeon, and his wife, Emmeline Bethune, daughter of George Armitage. Charles Baker (1803–1874), an instructor of deaf people, and Franklin Baker (1800–1867), a Unitarian minister, were his uncles; his aunt was the mother of ...

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Baker, Richard (bap. 1741, d. 1818), writer on theology, was baptized on 24 February 1741 in Great Yarmouth, son and heir of Richard Baker (1702–1774), mayor of that town in 1754 and 1769, and collector of the customs, and his wife, Sarah Laws (...

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See Bandinel, James

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Baro, Peter (1534–1599), Reformed minister and religious controversialist, was born at Étampes (Seine-et-Oise), France, the son of Étienne Baron and his wife, Philippe Petit; in his autobiographical notes Peter says he was one of many children, first mentioning brothers Jean and Florent, so he was perhaps the third to survive. The family is believed to have belonged to the rich ...

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Barrett [Barret], John (c. 1495–1563), Carmelite friar and protestant theologian, was born in Bishop's Lynn, where he joined the Carmelites. Later he studied at Cambridge and attended the lectures of Thomas Cranmer. Foxe records that Cranmer refused to allow Barrett to proceed because his theology was not sufficiently grounded in scripture: '...

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Barrett, William (b. c. 1561, d. in or after 1630), theologian, is of unknown parentage. He matriculated as a pensioner at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1580, graduating BA in 1585 and proceeding MA in 1588. He was appointed fellow and chaplain of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

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Isaac Barrow (1630–1677) by David Loggan, 1676 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barrow, Isaac (1630–1677), mathematician and theologian, was born in London in October 1630, the son of Thomas Barrow, from a Cambridgeshire family, and his wife, Anne Buggin. Following the death of his mother in 1634 Isaac was sent to his grandfather's house where he remained until his father, already becoming a successful linen draper, married ...